2014.12.05【英语盒饭】圣诞来啦~世界各地的圣诞—荷兰

shadowaster (shadowaster)
【A+研究所】荣誉会员☆网校制霸
译犹未尽
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发表于:2014-12-05 19:45 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

                  Christmas in The Netherlands / Holland 

   

For most children in The Netherlands, the most important day during December is 5th December, when Sinterklaas (St. Nicholas) brings them their presents!

对于大多数的荷兰孩子们而言,每年12月最重要的日子便是12月5日,这一天圣尼古拉斯将会给他们带来礼物!



St. Nicholas' day is on the 6th December, but in Holland, the major celebrations are held on the 5th December. The name Santa Claus comes from the name Sinterklaas.

尼古拉斯日是12月6日,但是在荷兰,主要的庆祝活动是在12月5日举行。圣诞老人这一名字来源于圣尼古拉斯。



On the morning of St. Nicholas' Day, Sinterklaas travels to a city or town in The Netherlands, wearing his red bishop's robes. He travels with his servants called 'Zwarte Pieten' ('Black Peters'). When Sinterklaas and the Black Peters come ashore from the boat, all of the local church bells ring in celebration. Sinterklaas then leads a procession through the town, riding a white horse. If he visits Amsterdam, he meets the Queen in the Palace.

在尼古拉斯节这一天早上,圣尼古拉斯会穿着红色主教长袍,带着名叫Zwarte Pieten(黑皮特)的仆人在荷兰的各个地方旅行,当圣尼古拉斯离船登岸时,当地的所有教堂都会响起钟声作为欢迎。圣尼古拉斯会骑着白马,带着他的队伍,穿行于大街小巷。如果他去阿姆斯特丹拜访的话,会在宫殿里遇见女王。



On December, 5th children leave clogs or shoes out, by the fireplace or sometimes a windowsill, and sing Sinterklaas songs. They hope that Sinterklaas will come during the night with some presents. They also believe that if they leave some hay and carrots in their shoes for Sinterklaas's horse, they will be left some sweets. They're told that, during the night, Sinterklaas rides on the roofs on his horse and that a 'Zwarte Piet' will then climb down the chimney (or through a window) and put the presents and/or candy in their shoes.

12月5日那天,孩子们会把鞋子放在壁炉或者窗台边,唱着圣诞歌曲。他们希望圣尼古拉斯会在这天晚上带着礼物到来。孩子们也相信如果在鞋子里面放点干草和胡萝卜给圣尼古拉斯的马,那么他们也会得到一些礼物。孩子们听说,在这天晚上,圣尼古拉斯骑马经过屋顶时,黑皮特会从烟囱爬下来(或者通过窗户)把礼物或者糖果放在他们的鞋子里。


Children are told that the Zwarte Pieten keep a record of all the things they have done in the past year. Good children will get presents from Sinterklaas, but bad children will be put in a sack and the Zwarte Pieten take them to Spain for a year to teach then how to behave! Dutch tradition says that St. Nicholas lives in Madrid, Spain and every year he chooses a different harbour to arrive in Holland, so as many children as possible get a chance to see him. Every town in Holland has a few Sinterklaas helpers, dressed the same as Sinterklaas who help give the presents out. (and sometimes you might one see one Zwarte Pieten with Sinterklaas!)

孩子们也听说黑皮特会记录他们在过去一年里所做过的事。好孩子会得到来自于圣尼古拉斯的礼物,坏孩子则会被黑皮特装在麻袋里带去西班牙,在那待一年规范行为举止!在荷兰,传说圣尼古拉斯居住在西班牙的马德里,每年他都会选择不同的港口到达荷兰,所以许多孩子都有机会见到他。荷兰的每个城镇都有一些圣尼古拉斯的助手,他们的穿着和圣尼古拉斯一样,来派发礼物。(偶尔你还会看到有黑皮特跟着圣尼古拉斯哦!)




If children are really lucky they might receive all their presents during the evening. This is called 'Sinterklaasavond' or 'Pakjesavond' (present evening). There might be a knock at the door and you might find a sack full of presents!

如果孩子们幸运的话,他们在晚上或许会收到想要的所有礼物。这一夜被称为“Sinterklaasavond”或者“Pakjesavond”(礼物之夜)。如果你听到有敲门声,你或许会收到满满一袋子礼物!


Sinterklaas parties are often held on St. Nicholas' Eve (5th), where treasure hunt games are played with poems and riddles giving the clues. Children follow the clues to find little presents left by Sinterklaas. Special biscuits and sweets are also eaten at the party. One type of biscuit is called 'letter blanket' or 'banketletter' (meaning letter cake), which is made from marzipan or pastry. The biscuits are made in the shapes of the first letter of the peoples names who are at the party. Another sweet biscuit that is eaten at the parties are 'pepernoot' which are made with cinnamon and spices in the pastry biscuit mix. Here's a recipe for peppernoot. And Here's a recipe for kerstkrans, a Dutch Christmas Ring Cake.

圣尼古拉斯聚会在尼古拉斯日的前一夜举行(12月5日),在聚会上会有通过诗歌或者谜语给出线索的寻宝游戏,孩子们跟着线索去寻找由圣尼古拉斯留下的小礼品。在聚会上也会吃一些特别的饼干和糖果。有一种称为 'letter blanket'或者 o'banketletter' 的饼干(就是"字母饼干“),是由杏仁蛋白软糖或者油酥面团做成。这种饼干上会印着参加聚会的人的名字的首字母。另一种在聚会上吃的糖果饼干是 'pepernoot',是在油酥面团里加入肉桂和调味料混合而成。这里有 peppernoot, kerstkrans以及 Dutch Christmas Ring Cake的制作方法。



Surprise presents are also given on St. Nicholas' Day. A custom at the Sinterklaas parties, often within classes at schools, is that everyone's name is put into a hat and everyone picks another person's name - then they have to make a surprise present for that person. The presents are often things that the person would find useful with their favourite hobby. The presents come with a poem inside that gives a clue to who might have sent the present, but it is all meant to be a mystery! This is a similar custom to a present sending one in Germany.

在尼古拉斯日也会送惊喜礼品。圣尼古拉斯聚会上的一个传统,在学校的课堂上很流行,就是每个人把写有自己的名字的纸条放入同一顶帽子里,再从中抽取一个写有其他人名字的纸条,然后他们就会为抽到的那个人准备惊喜礼品。这个礼物常常是和收礼者的爱好相关的。而且在礼物里会附上一首诗歌,来给出关于送礼者是谁的线索,但是它通常是个秘密!这和德国的一个送礼物的习俗类似。



You can find out more about Sinterklass in The Netherlands in some great little videos that have been made by Father Roderick Vonhogen, a Catholic Priest from The Netherlands.

你在荷兰可以发现很多关于圣尼古拉斯的微视频,是由来自于荷兰的天主教教士Father Roderick Vonhogen所制作。


Christmas Day itself is a much quieter day in Holland, with a Church Service and family meal. Sometimes there is a special Christmas Day 'Sunday School' in the afternoon at the church, where the Christmas Story and other traditional stories are told. These are often the only presents children will get on Christmas Day because they have already received most of their presents on St. Nicholas Day.

在荷兰圣诞节则相对而言没那么热闹,只有教堂仪式以及家庭聚餐。有时圣诞节这一天在教堂下午的时候会有”主日学校“,讲述圣诞节故事和其他的传统故事。因为在尼古拉斯日的时候孩子们已经收到了许多礼物,所以在圣诞节这天,他们常常只会收到一份礼物。


On Christmas Eve night, Dutch Children believe that Santa Claus, (who is also call 'Christmas man' / 'Kerstman' to avoid confusion with Sinterklaas!) comes from Lapland in Finland to deliver more presents!

在圣诞前夜,荷兰的孩子们相信来自于芬兰拉普兰的圣诞老人(也被称为 'Christmas man' 或者 'Kerstman' ,为了避免和圣尼古拉斯混淆)会送来更多的礼物!


Many people in The Netherlands also have a Christmas Tree in their houses.

许多荷兰人也会在家里放置一棵圣诞树。


In Dutch Happy/Merry Christmas is 'Prettige Kerstfeest'. Happy/Merry Christmas in lots more languages.
在荷兰圣诞快乐是 'Prettige Kerstfeest',在许多语言中,圣诞快乐都是 Happy/Merry Christmas。

本帖来源社刊

分类: 英语
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