《新概念英语》(第四册)第46课

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发表于:2014-12-05 20:51 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
《新概念英语》第四册第46课 Hobbies 业余爱好 

【英音课文朗读】 
 
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【美音课文朗读】 
 
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【课文】 
First listen and then answer the following question. 
听录音,然后回答以下问题。 
Who, according to the author, are 'Fortune's favoured children'? 

A gifted American psychologist has said, 'Worry is a spasm of the emotion; the mind catches hold of something and will not let it go.' It is useless to argue with the mind in this condition. The stronger the will, the more futile the task. One can only gently insinuate something else into its convulsive grasp. And if this something else is rightly chosen, if it really attended by the illumination of another field of interest, gradually, and often quite swiftly, the old undue grip relaxes and the process of recuperation and repair begins. 
The cultivation of a hobby and new forms of interest is therefore a policy of the first importance to a public man. But this is not a business that can be undertaken in a day or swiftly improvised by a mere command of the will. The growth of alternative mental interests is a long process. The seeds must be carefully chosen; they must fall on good ground; they must be sedulously tended, if the vivifying fruits are to be at hand when needed. 
To be really happy and really safe, one ought to have at least two or three hobbies, and they must all be real. It is no use starting late in life to say: 'I will take an interest in this or that.' Such an attempt only aggravates the strain of mental effort. A man may acquire great knowledge of topics unconnected with his daily work, and yet get hardly any benefit or relief. It is no use doing what you like; you have got to like what you do. Broadly speaking, human beings may be divided into three classes: those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to death, and those who are bored to death. It is no use offering the manual labourer, tired out with a hard week's sweat and effort, the chance of playing a game of football or baseball or Saturday afternoon. It is no use inviting the politician or the professional or business man, who has been working or worrying about serious things for six days, to work or worry about trifling things at the weekend. 
As for the unfortunate people who can command everything they want, who can gratify every caprice and lay their hands on almost every object of desire -- for them a new pleasure, a new excitement if only an additional satiation. In vain they rush frantically round from place to place, trying to escape from avenging boredom by mere clatter and motion. For them discipline in one form or another is the most hopeful path. 
It may also be said that rational, industrious, useful human being are divided into two classes: first,those whose work is work and whose pleasure is pleasure; and secondly those whose work and pleasure are one. Of these the former are the majority. They have their compensations. The long hours in the office or the factory bring with them as their reward, not only the means of sustenance, but a keen appetite for pleasure even in its simplest and most modest forms. But Fortune's favoured children belong to the second class. Their life is a natural harmony. For them the working hours are never long enough. Each day is a holiday, and ordinary holidays, when they come, are grudged as enforced interruptions in an absorbing vocation. Yet to both classes, the need of an alternative outlook, of a change of atmosphere, of a diversion of effort, is essential. Indeed, it may well be that those work is their pleasure are those who and most need the means of banishing it at intervals from their minds. 
WINSTON CHURCHLL Painting as a Pastime 

【参考译文】 
-----------以下内容回复可见-----------

【New words and expressions 生词和短语】 
gifted adj. 有天才的 
psychologist n. 心理学家 
spasm n. 一阵(感情)发作 
futile adj. 无用的 
insinuate v. 便潜入,暗示 
convulsive adj. 起痉挛的 
illumination n. 启发,照明 
undue adj. 不造当的 
grip n. 紧张 
recuperation n. 休息 
improvise v. 临时作成 
sedulously adv. 孜孜不倦地 
vivify v. 使生气勃勃 
aggravate v. 加剧 
trifling adj. 微小的 
gratify v. 便满意 
caprice n. 任性 
satiation n. 满足 
frantically adv. 狂乱地 
avenge v. 替…报复 
boredom n. 厌烦 
clatter n. 喧闹的谈话 
sustenance n. 生计 
appetite n. 欲望 
grudge v. 怨恨 
absorbing adj. 引人入胜的 
banish v. 排除,放弃 

【课文注释】 
1.catch hold of 抓住...... 
let ... go 放掉...... 

2.The stronger the will, the more futile the task 这种意志越是强烈,这种尝试越是徒劳。 

futile adj.无用的 
例句:Pace considers attempts at timing futile. 
贝斯认为企图控制时间是无效的。 
It is futile to attempt to convince him that certain things are simply undoable. 
使他相信某事情是完全不可为的是无用的尝试。 

3.insinuate v.使潜入,暗示 
例句: What are you insinuating? 
你旁敲侧击,究竟指得是什么? 
Are you insinuating that I am a liar? 
你绕来绕去是否暗指我在撒谎? 
He insinuated his doubt of her ability. 
他暗示了他对她能力的怀疑。 

4. undue adj.不适当的,过度的 
例句:I didn't want to show undue excitement. 
我不想表现出过分的激动。 
Don't give undue deference to the opinions and feelings of others. 
不要对他人的意见和感情给予过分的尊重。 
He used it to discourage any undue sense of danger. 
他这样做是为了制止任何不适当的危机感 

5.aggravate 
例句:vt. 恶化 
Scratching can aggravate the rash. 
搔痒会使疹子发炎。 
The Europeans' appeasement policy towards irrational regimes would only 
aggravate the hidden dangers. 
欧洲国家对非理性政权的绥靖政策,只会让潜在危机恶化。 
The lack of rain aggravated the already serious shortage of food. 
干旱少雨使原本就很严重的粮食短缺问题更加严重。 

6.those who are toiled to death, those who are worried to death, and those who are bored to death劳累至死的人,忧虑至死的人,无聊至死的人 

7.tired out with疲惫,精疲力尽 
例句:She was tired out with wonder and marvelling. 
一整天的猎奇把她累坏了。 
He was tired out with mountain climbing. 
他因爬山而筋疲力竭。 

8.gratify v. 使满足, 使高兴 
例句:Now that she has a job in France she can gratify her desire to see Europe. 
既然现在她在法国工作,那就可以满足她游览欧洲的愿望了。 
I was gratified to see how much my birthday present was appreciated. 
看到我的生日礼物受到极大的赞赏,我感到高兴。 

9.lay their hands on得到......抓到...... 

10.Fortune's favoured children 中的Fortune指“命运女神” 

11.banish vt. 
① 驱逐,流放 
例句:His lies caused his wife to banish him from the house. 
他因说谎而被老婆驱逐出家门。 
The sound of doctrine rings out daily in order to banish various curiosities about this 
world. 
一种主义的声响日以夜继,千日不绝,用以驱逐人们对这个世界的种种好奇与揣测! 
②消除 
例句:You can banish that idea from your mind. 
你能消除心中的那种念头。 
The doctor advised her to banish fear and anxiety. 
医生劝她消除恐惧和忧虑。 

【作业时间】 
1. 我们为大家提供了两种主流英语发音的音频,请大家下载自己喜欢的一种,放到MP3里反复听!(刚开始练习英语听力和口语最好选定一种学习,不要英音美音混淆哦!) 
*注:[按部就班 攻克英魔]学习团成员及自主学习团成员 必须在本帖提交朗读音频哦!
2. 背诵、并默写今天的课文。实在没有时间的同学就抄写一遍吧。(论坛互动学习本期推出在线录音,希望大家多多开口,我会帮大家做点评,可能偶尔会稍有点儿晚,还请见谅哈) 

3. 用今天学到的单词或句型造句一个。 
futile 
undue 
be tired out with 
banish 
分类: 语法词汇
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