《新概念英语》(第四册)第47课

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发表于:2014-12-05 20:54 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
《新概念英语》第四册第47课 The great escape 大逃亡 

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【课文】 
First listen and then answer the following quesion. 
听录音,然后回答以下问题。 
What is one of the features of modern camping where nationality is concerned? 

Economy is one powerful motive for camping, since after the initial outlay upon equipment, or through hiring it, the total expense can be far less than the cost of hotels. But, contrary to a popular assumption, it is far from being the only one, or even the greatest. The man who manoeuvres carelessly into histwenty pounds' worth of space at one of Europe's myriad permanent sites may find himself bumping a Bentley. More likely, Ford Escort will be hub to hub with Renault or Mercedes, but rarely withbicycles made for two
That the equipment of modern camping becomes yearly more sophisticated is an entertaining paradox for the cynic, a brighter promise for the hopeful traveler who has sworn to get away from it all. It also provides and some student sociologist might care to base his thesis upon the phenomenon -- an escape of another kind. The modern traveller is often a man who dislikes the Splendide and the Bellavista, not because he cannot afford, or shuns their material comforts. but because he is afraid of them.Affluent he may be, but he is by no means sure what to tip the doorman or the chambermaid. Master in his own house, he has little idea of when to say boo to a maitre d'hotel
From all such fears camping releases him. Granted, a snobbery of camping itself, based upon equipment and techniques, already exists; but it is of a kind that, if he meets it, he can readily understand and deal with. There is no superior 'they' in the shape of managements and hotel hierarchies to darken his holiday days. 
To such motives, yet another must be added. The contemporary phenomenon of car worship is to be explained not least by the sense of independence and freedom that ownership entails. To this pleasure camping gives an exquisite refinement. 
From one's own front door to home or foreign hills or sands and back again, everything is to hand. Not only are the means of arriving at the holiday paradise entirely within one's own command and keeping, but the means of escape from holiday hell (if the beach proves too crowded, the local weather too inclement) are there, outside -- or, as likely, part of -- the tent. 
Idealists have objected to the practice of camping, as to package tour, that the traveller abroad thereby denies himself the opportunity of getting to know the people of the country visited. Insularity and self-containment, it is argued, go hand in hand. The opinion does not survive experience of a popular Continental camping place. Holiday hotels tend to cater for one nationality of visitors especially, sometimes exclusively. Camping sites, by contrast, are highly cosmopolitan. Granted, a preponderance of Germans is a characteristic that seems common to most Mediterranean sites; but as yet there is no overwhelmingly specialized patronage. Notices forbidding the open-air drying of clothes, or the use of water points for car washing, or those inviting 'our camping friends' to a dance or a boat trip are printed not only in French or Italian or Spanish, but also in English, German and Dutch. At meal times the odour of sauerkraut vies with that of garlic. The Frenchman's breakfast coffee competes with the Englishman's bacon and eggs. 
Whether the remarkable growth of organized camping means the eventual death of the more independent kind is hard to say. Municipalities naturally want to secure the campers' site fees and other custom. Police are wary of itinerants who cannot be traced to a recognized camp boundary or to four walls. But most probably it will all depend upon campers themselves: how many heath fires they cause; how much litter they leave; in short, whether or not they wholly alienate landowners and those who live in the countryside. Only good scouting is likely to preserve the freedoms so dear to the heart of the eternal Boy Scout
NIGEL BUXTON The Great Escape from The Weekend Telegraph 

【参考译文】 
-----------以下内容回复可见-----------

【New words and expressions 生词和短语】 
assumptiond n. 假定 
manoeuvre v. (驱车)移动 
myriad adj. 无数的 
paradox n. 自相矛盾的事 
cynic n. 愤世嫉俗者 
sociologist n. 社会学家 
shun v. 避开 
affluent adj. 富有的 
chambermaid n. 女招待员 
boo b. 呸的一声 
maitre d'hotel n. [法语]总管 
snobbery n. 势利 
hierarchy n. 等级制度 
entail v. 便成为必要 
inclement adj. 险恶的 
package tour 由旅行社安排一切的一揽子旅游 
insularity n. 偏狭 
cater v. 迎合 
exclusively adv. 排他地 
cosmopolitan adj. 世界的 
preponderance n. 优势 
overwhelmingly adv. 以压倒优势地,清一色地 
patronage n. 恩惠,惠顾 
sauerkraut n. 泡菜 
vie v. 竞争 
municipality n. 市政当局 
itinerant n. 巡回者 
heath v. 荒地 
alienate v. 便疏远 
eternal adj. 永久的 

【课文注释】 
1.it is far from 远不是 
be far from 毫不, 一点也不, 远非, 几乎相反 
例句:His explanation was far from satisfactory. 
他的解释一点也不令人满意。 
What he said was far from the truth. 
他所说的远非事实。 

2.twenty pounds' worth of space 价值20镑的空地,其中worth是名词。 

3.myriad permanent sites 无数的常年营地 

4.hub to hub with 轮毂与......轮毂相接 

5.bicycles made for two 双人自行车 

6.the Splendide and the Bellavista 两大酒店的名字 

7.shun 避开,避免 
例句:They shun personal fame and gains. 
他们不计个人名利。 
This recluse shunned all company. 
这位隐士不与任何人来往。 
Wise men love truth, whereas fools shun it. 
智者热爱真理,愚者回避真理。 
He shunned meeting any of his friends. 
他避免与他的任何朋友碰面。 

8.affluent adj.富有的 
例句:We live in an affluent society . 
我们生活在一个富裕的社会中。 
He was born to an affluent family. 
他生在富裕人家。 
A car and a house are considered as necessities in an affluent society. 
在一个富裕的社会里,汽车和洋房都被当作是必需品。 

9.say boo to a maitre d'hotel 对酒店的经理表示不满。say boo to a maitre d'hotel , 是从 not say boo to a goose(非常胆小,不敢得罪)演变而来的。在这个成语中, a goose 常被人们幽默地换成其他字眼。 

10.Granted...but "虽然......但是......"这种句型中的Granted总放在句首,意思是Yes,相当于一个连接副词的作用。 

11.in the shape of以......形式出现的 

12.entail vt. 
①使必需 
例句:This job entails a lot of hard work. 
这项工作需要十分努力。 
It will entail driving a long distance every day. 
这意味着每天都要长途开车。 
②带来 
例句:The alteration would entail an expenditure of 50 pounds. 
此项改变将带来为数五十英磅的花费。 
③限定继承 
例句:He would have sold the property long ago had it not been entailed. 
这些财产若非限定继承的话,他早就卖掉了。 

13.be to hand 垂手可得 

14.cater for 迎合...... 
例句:TV must cater for many different tastes. 
电视节目必须迎合各种人的爱好。 
Our politicians should learn to cater for the man in the street. 
我们的政治家要学会投合广大普通群众的需要。 
Unfortunately, these firms rarely cater for retail customers, the supposed 
beneficiaries of the crusade. 
不幸的是,这些公司很少去投合中小投资者的需要,而中小投资者才是这项改革运 
动预期中的受益者。 

15.be wary of 提防 
例句:She was wary of strangers. 
她对陌生人很警惕。 
I would advise you to be wary of Kevin; he's been gunning for you since you stole 
his girlfriend. 
我想劝告你提防克文,自从你抢走了他的女朋友以来,他一直在寻找机会报复 
你。

16.alienate vt. 
①使疏远 
例句:We'd better not alienate ourselves from the colleagues. 
我们最好还是不要与同事们疏远。 
The Prime Minister's policy alienated many of her followers. 
首相的政策使很多拥护她的人疏远了她。 
②离间 
例句:His attempts to alienate the two friends failed. 
他离间那一对朋友的企图失败了。 
She tried to alienate him from his brother 
她企图离间他和他的兄弟。 
③让与 
例句:The law required all citizens to alienate their property to the government. 
这部法律要求所有的公民都要把他们的财产转让给政府。 
The executive could not alienate any part of our territory. 
行政官员不能将我们领土的任何部分让给他人。 
④麻木 
例句:The numbing labor tended to alienate workers. 
枯燥的工作可以使工人变得麻木 

17.Boy Scout 童子军 

【作业时间】 
1. 我们为大家提供了两种主流英语发音的音频,请大家下载自己喜欢的一种,放到MP3里反复听!(刚开始练习英语听力和口语最好选定一种学习,不要英音美音混淆哦!) 
*注:[按部就班 攻克英魔]学习团成员及自主学习团成员 必须在本帖提交朗读音频哦!
2. 背诵、并默写今天的课文。实在没有时间的同学就抄写一遍吧。(论坛互动学习本期推出在线录音,希望大家多多开口,我会帮大家做点评,可能偶尔会稍有点儿晚,还请见谅哈) 

3. 用今天学到的单词或句型造句一个。 
shun 
affluent 
entail 
alienate 
最后编辑于:2014-12-05 20:54
分类: 语法词汇
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