《新概念英语》(第四册)第48课

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发表于:2014-12-05 20:56 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
《新概念英语》第四册第48课 Planning a share portfolio 规划股份投资 

【英音课文朗读】 
 
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【美音课文朗读】 
 
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【课文】 
First listen and then answer the following question. 
听录音,然后回答以下问题。 
How does the older investor differ in his approach to investment from the younger investor? 

There is no shortage of tipsters around offering 'get-rich-quick' opportunities. But if you are a serious private investor, leave the Las Vegas mentality to those with money to fritter. The serious investor needs a proper 'portfolio' -- a well-planned selection of investments, with a definite structure and a clear aim. But exactly how does a newcomer to the stock market go about achieving that? 
Well, if you go to five reputable stock brokers and ask them what you should do with your money, you're likely to get five different answers, -- even if you give all the relevant information about your age, family, finances and what you want from your investments. Moral? There is no one 'right' way to structure a portfolio. However, there are undoubtedly some wrong ways, and you can be sure that none of our five advisers would have suggested sinking all (or perhaps any) of your money into Periwigs*
So what should you do? We'll assume that you have sorted out the basics -- like mortgages, pensions, insurance and access to sufficient cash reserves. You should then establish your own individual aims. These are partly a matter of personal circumstances, partly a matter of psychology. 
For instance, if you are older you have less time to recover from any major losses, and you may well wish to boost your pension income. So preserving your capital and generating extra income are your main priorities. In this case, you'd probably construct a portfolio with some shares (but not high risk ones), along with gilts, cash deposits, and perhaps convertibles or the income shares of split capital investment trusts
If you are younger, and in a solid financial position, you may decide to take an aggressive approach -- but only if you're blessed with a sanguine disposition and won't suffer sleepless nights over share prices. If you recognize yourself in this description, you might include a couple of heady growth stocks in your portfolio, alongside your more pedestrian in vestments. Once you have decided on your investment aims, you can then decide where to put your money. The golden rule here is spread your risk -- if you put all of your money into Periwigs International, you're setting yourself up as a hostage to fortune. 
*'Periwigs' is the name of a fictitious company. 
INVESTOR'S CHRONICLE, March 23 1990 

【参考译文】 
-----------以下内容回复可见-----------

【New words and expressions 生词和短语】 
portfolio n. 投资组合 
tipster n. (以提供证券投机等内部消息为主的)情报贩子 
Las Vegas n. 拉斯韦加斯 
fritter v. 挥霍,浪费 
reputable n. 享有声望的 
broker n. 经纪人 
finance n. 资金,财源 
mortgage n. 抵押贷款 
pension n. 养老金 
priority n. 优先权 
gilt n. 金边证券(高度可靠的证券) 
convertible n. 可换证券 
sanguine adj. 乐观的 
heady adj. 令人陶醉的 
alongside prep. 在……旁边,和……一起 
pedestrian adj. 平淡无奇的,乏味的 

【课文注释】 
1.get-rich-quick 迅速发财致富 

2.fritter v.挥霍,浪费 
fritter away v. 浪费(时间等) 

3.go about 从事,做 
例句:She went about her work quite as cheerlessly as usual. 
她和往常一样十分郁闷地着手做她的事。 
Despite the threat of war, people go about their work as usual. 
尽管战争一触即发,人们仍像平时一样工作。 
Could you please inform me how to go about contacting a lawyer? 
请您告诉我怎样去联络律师? 

4.Periwigs* 是一个假想中公司的名字 

5.sort out the basics 
sort out 
①整理 
例句:She spent a whole afternoon sorting out her stamps. 
她花了整整一个下午整理邮票。 
They sorted out the data and carded them. 
他们将资料加以整理并编制成卡片。 
②选出 
例句:Sort out things you want to keep and throw everything else away . 
把你要保存的东西拣选出来,其余的扔掉。 
③解决 
例句:Let us leave that couple to sort themselves out . 
我们让那一对夫妇自己解决他们之间的问题吧。 
④惩罚 
例句:If you don't stop that noise, I'll come in and sort you out. 
如果你们还在那里吵吵闹闹,我就进来惩罚你们。 
⑤分类 
例句:They sort out items that can be recycled. 
他们分类出可以回收的垃圾. 

6. the basics 这里指基本情况、基本要素 

7.cash reserves 现金储备 

8.boost v. 
①提高 
例句:This new technique will boost food production. 
这种新工艺将会提高食品产量。 
②增加 
例句:The publication of this book boost my confidence. 
这本书的出版增强了我的信心。 
③鼓励 
例句:The change of management has boosted morale throughout the company. 
管理层的变更使整个公司士气大振。 
④举起 
例句:Boost me up the tree and I'll get the apple. 
把我托上树,我就能摘到那只苹果了。 
⑤为...做宣传 
例句:They launched a campaign to boost new fashions. 
他们发起了一项推销新式时装的广告运动。 

9.the income shares of split capital investment trusts 分割资本投资信托公司的所得股 
split capital investment trusts 分割资本投资信托公司 

10.sanguine adj.乐观的 
例句:He is not very sanguine about our chances of success. 
他对我们成功的机会不太乐观。 
We are sanguine that we shall be succeeding. 
我们自信会成功。 

11.If you recognize yourself in this description 如果你觉得你的情况是这样的话。 

12.pedestrian adj. 
①徒步的 
例句:We enjoy all pedestrian activities. 
我们喜欢所有的步行活动。 
They ought to stop at the pedestrian crossing. 
他们该停在人行横道上。 
②缺乏想像的 
例句:He was rather a pedestrian student. 
他原是个相当平常的学生。 
We present this approach in a pedestrian version. 
我们用平铺直叙的方式介绍这个方法。 
n. 行人 


【作业时间】 
1. 我们为大家提供了两种主流英语发音的音频,请大家下载自己喜欢的一种,放到MP3里反复听!(刚开始练习英语听力和口语最好选定一种学习,不要英音美音混淆哦!) 
*注:[按部就班 攻克英魔]学习团成员及自主学习团成员 必须在本帖提交朗读音频哦!
2. 背诵、并默写今天的课文。实在没有时间的同学就抄写一遍吧。(论坛互动学习本期推出在线录音,希望大家多多开口,我会帮大家做点评,可能偶尔会稍有点儿晚,还请见谅哈) 

3. 用今天学到的单词或句型造句一个。 
go about 
sort out 
sanguine 
pedestrian 

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