【英语•英美文化】英式下午茶的前世今生

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发表于:2014-12-05 22:33 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

     


【词汇学习】

scone  n. <英>烤饼,司康饼

e.g. I just dote on hot buttered scones! 我就是喜欢吃涂黄油的热司康饼!

pastry  n. 油酥点心

e.g. I've got some delicious Danish pastry for you. 我为你们准备了一些可口的丹麦点心。

glug  v. (尤指从瓶中)汩汩地倒出来;大口喝

e.g. So, when you drink your tea, take small sips rather than "glugging" it down. 所以,饮茶时要小口啜饮,不能端杯见底。

clotted  adj. 凝结的

e.g. Scones should be served with jam and clotted cream, or butter. 英式松饼一般会配上果酱、固体奶油或黄油。

crumpet  n. 松脆饼;烤饼

e.g. Crumpets are buttered whole and then cut before eating. 吃烤饼时先要整体涂满黄油,食用前再切开。

 

【正文学习】

While the tradition of drinking tea dates back to more than 3,000 BC in China, it was not until the mid 17th century that the concept of "afternoon tea" first appeared in the UK.

In 1840, Anna Maria Russell, the seventh Duchess of Bedford, started asking for a tea tray with butter, bread and cakes at 4 pm every day, as she found she was hungry at this time and the evening meal in her household was served fashionably late at 8 pm. She found this new habit difficult to break and soon invited other ladies in society to join her.

This pause for tea quickly became a fashionable social event. During the 1880s, upper class and society women would change into long gowns(n. 礼服, gloves and hats for their afternoon tea.


What an afternoon tea includes

Traditional afternoon tea, which is typically served between 4 pm and 6 pm, is technically a small meal, not a drink. It consists of a selection of dainty(adj. 美味的,精美的 sandwiches (thinly sliced cucumber sandwiches with the crusts cut off are a classic), freshly baked scones served with cream and fruit jam, cakes and pastries. Of course, tea or coffee, served with milk and sugar, is also provided.

Nowadays, you can enjoy a traditional yet fancy afternoon tea with pot-brewed tea and delicate snacks in many restaurants and hotels. But in the average home, afternoon tea is likely to be much simpler -- biscuits with a mug (n. 马克杯) of tea, usually produced using a teabag.


Etiquette of afternoon tea

As with everything, a particular etiquette(n. 礼仪 is associated with afternoon tea. Here are a few tips for ensuring your tea taking standards are faultless.

1. By definition, afternoon tea is a dainty meal. So, when you drink your tea, take small sips rather than "glugging" it down. There's a definite order to taking tea, but the actual drinking of tea can take place throughout the "meal".

2. Similarly, the food served should be consumed in a restrained fashion as well. Sandwiches are eaten first, followed by the sweet snacks, such as cakes, pastries and scones.

3. Scones are always broken, never cut. They should be served with jam and clotted cream, or butter. The jam goes on first, followed by the cream or butter.

4. Crumpets are buttered whole and then cut before eating.

5. Cakes and pastries should be made so that the use of a pastry fork is not needed, although if that's not the case, the use of such an implement is perfectly acceptable.

6. If you take milk with your tea, pour the tea first and then add milk.


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【作业】

1. 试译划线部分。(全文翻译回复可见)

2. 聊一聊你喜欢喝什么茶。



最后编辑于:2014-12-06 00:42

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