2014.12.06【英语盒饭】圣诞来啦~世界各地的圣诞—美国

微笑sunnyma (微笑)
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发表于:2014-12-06 16:17 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

The United States of America has many different traditions and ways that people in celebrate Christmas, because of its multi-cultural nature. Many customs are similar to ones in the UK, France, Italy, Holland, Poland and Mexico.

由于美国文化的多元性,他们在庆祝圣诞节时有许多不同的传统和方法。其中很多习俗与英国,法国,意大利,荷兰,波兰,墨西哥都很相似。

The traditional meal for Western European families is turkey or ham with cranberry sauce. Families from Eastern European origins favour turkey with trimmings, keilbasi (a Polish sausage), cabbage dishes, and soups; and some Italian families prefer lasagne!

传统的西欧家庭餐一般会在火鸡与火腿上涂上蔓越莓酱。东欧家庭餐则喜欢火鸡配上香肠,波兰香肠,卷心菜和汤;而一些意大利家庭更喜欢意式宽面。

Some Americans use pop-corn threaded on string to help decorate their Christmas Tree!
一些美国人会将圣诞球用线穿成一串,去装饰他们的圣诞树!

In New England (the American States of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine), there are shops called 'Christmas Shops' that only sell Christmas decorations and toys all the year round!

在新英格兰(美国马萨诸塞州、康涅狄格州、罗得岛、佛蒙特州、新罕布什尔州、缅因州),有一些“圣诞商店”,一年四季都只出售圣诞装饰品和玩具。

People in America like to decorate the outsides of their houses with lights and sometimes even statues of Santa Claus, Snowmen and Reindeer.
美国人喜欢在屋外挂一些彩灯,有时甚至圣会放诞老人的雕像,雪人和驯鹿
Towns and cities often decorate the streets with lights to celebrate Christmas. Perhaps the most famous Christmas street lights in the USA are at the Rockerfeller Center in New York where there is a huge Christmas Tree with a public ice skating rink in front of it over Christmas and the New Year.
城市和乡村的街道两旁也会挂上彩灯,来庆祝圣诞节。或许美国最有名的圣诞街灯在纽约的洛克菲勒中心。那里有一棵巨大的圣诞树,在圣诞和新年期间,前面还有一个公众溜冰场。

In Hawaii, Santa is called Kanakaloka!

在夏威夷,圣诞老人叫做Kanakaloka!

Customs such as Mumming take place in some communities. On New Year's Day in Philadelphia there is a Mummer's Day parade which lasts over six hours! Clubs called "New Years Associations" perform in amazing costumes which take months to make. There are four categories (Comics, Fancies, String Bands, and Fancy Brigades) which are judged.

一些地区,会有类似表演假面哑剧之类的习俗。在费城,新年这天会有长达六小时的哑剧演员游行活动。俱乐部称为“新年协会”的华丽演出。而他们穿的那些让人惊艳的服装往往需要好几个月才能做出来。一般有四个类别(喜剧,科幻,弦乐队,科幻之旅)。

In the Southwest USA, there are some special customs which have some similarities to those in parts of Mexico. These include 'luminarias' or 'farolitos' which are paper sacks partly filled with sand and then have a candle put in them. They are lit on Christmas Eve and are put the edges of paths. They represent 'lighting the way' for somewhere for Mary and Joseph to stay.

在美国西南部,有些特殊习俗和墨西哥在某些方面也是相似的。传统圣诞灯就是其中之一。在纸袋中装一点沙子,然后在上面插一根蜡烛。平安夜将蜡烛点亮,放在路边。代表着照亮某个地方的道路,以便玛丽和约瑟夫能够停留。

A popular food at Christmas in the Southwest USA are tamales. 

美国西南部有一道非常有名的菜,那就是玉米粉蒸肉。

本帖来源社刊

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