2014.12.06【英语盒饭】圣诞来啦~世界各地的圣诞—墨西哥(上)

neilalien
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发表于:2014-12-06 16:33 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Christmas in Mexico
墨西哥的圣诞节

In Mexico, Christmas is celebrated from the December 12th to January 6th.
在墨西哥,圣诞庆祝活动从12月12日持续到次年1月6日
 
From December 16th to Christmas Eve, children often perform the 'Posada' processions or Posadas.
从12月16日到圣诞前夜,孩子们通常会进行‘Posada’游行。
Posada is Spanish for Inn or Lodging. There are nine Posadas.
Posada在西班牙语中意为旅栈或落脚处。总共有9个Posada。
These celebrate the part of the Christmas story where Joseph and Mary looked for a room in an Inn.
这项游行是为纪念圣诞故事中约瑟夫和玛丽亚寻找落脚旅栈的情节
For the Posadas, the outside of houses are decorated with evergreens, moss and paper lanterns.
在Posada期间,房子外部都装饰着常绿植物、苔藓和纸灯笼。



A traditional Mexican posada taking place.
墨西哥传统posada游行


In each Posada, children are given candles and a board, with painted clay figures of Mary riding on a donkey and Joseph, to process round the streets with.
每次Posada,孩子们都会带着蜡烛和一块板上街游行,板子上放着约瑟夫和骑驴的玛丽亚的彩塑泥人。
They call at the houses of friends and neighbors and sing a song at each home.
他们敲响朋友和邻居家的门,为每户人家唱一首歌。
The song they sing is about Joseph and Mary asking for a room in the house.
歌曲内容是关于约瑟夫和玛丽亚请求在那户人家借宿。
But the children are told that there is no room in the house and that they must go away.
但孩子们会被告知已没有空余房间,他们必须另寻他处。
Eventually they are told there is room and are welcomed in!
最终他们会找到落脚处,并被迎入屋内。
When the children go into the house they say prayers of thanks and then they have a party with food, games and fireworks.
孩子们进屋后会进行感恩祷告,然后开始有美食、游戏和烟火的派对。
 
Each night a different house hold the Posada party.
每晚在不同的房子内举办Posada派对。
At the final Posada on Christmas Eve, a manger and figures of shepherds are put on to the board.
圣诞前夜最后一次Posada游行时,板子上会加入圣徒和马棚。
When the Posada house has been found, a baby Jesus is put into the manger and then families go to a midnight Church service.
当孩子们抵达主持Posada派对的房子时,初生的耶稣会被添加到板子上的马棚中,然后家家户户都参加午夜集体弥撒。
After the Church service there are more fireworks to celebrate the start of Christmas.
午夜集体弥撒结束后,将有盛大的烟火迎接圣诞的到来。



View of production of 'Pinatas'
制作piñata


One game that is often played at Posada parties is piñata.
Posada派对上的常驻游戏之一是piñata。
A piñata is a decorated clay or papier-mâché jar filled with sweets and hung from the ceiling or tree branch.
piñata是个装满糖果的罐子,用粘土或纸壳制成,通常挂在天花板上或树枝上。
The piñata is often decorated something like a ball with seven peaks around it.
通常piñata会被装饰成一个有七个尖角的球。
The peaks or spikes represent the 'seven deadly sins'.
七个尖角代表七大罪。
piñata's can also be in the form of an animal or bird (such as a donkey).
piñata罐子也可以是动物形,比如鸟形或驴子形。
To play the game, children are blind-folded and take it in turns to hit the piñata with a stick until it splits open and the sweets pour out.
玩piñata游戏时,孩子们轮流蒙着眼睛用棍子敲打piñata罐子,直到罐子碎裂糖果掉出来为止。
Then the children rush to pick up as many sweets as they can!
然后孩子们就可以冲上去能捡多少捡多少糖果。


最后编辑于:2014-12-25 18:18

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