2014.12.06【英语盒饭】圣诞来啦~世界各地的圣诞—墨西哥(下)

neilalien
【A+研究所】荣誉会员☆网校制霸
译犹未尽
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发表于:2014-12-06 19:55 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
As well as the posada's, another type of Christmas play known as Pastorelas (The Shepherds).
除Posada外,Pastorelas(圣徒)也是一种圣诞节目。
These tell the story of the shepherds going to find the baby Jesus and are often very funny.
Pastorelas是关于圣徒们寻找初生耶稣的故事,通常是喜剧。
The devil tries to stop them by tempting them along the way. But the shpeherds always get there in the end, often with the help of the Archangel Michael, who comes and beats the devil!
恶魔试图阻止他们而沿途诱惑,但圣徒们最后总能找到耶稣。大天使米迦勒经常会在故事中出现帮助他们打倒恶魔。
 
Nativity scenes, known as the 'nacimiento', are very popular in Mexico.
耶稣诞生场景(nacimiento)在墨西哥非常有人气。
They are often very large, with the figures being life size!
这些场景通常很大,模型有实物大小。
Sometimes a whole room in a house is used for the nacimiento, although this is less common now.
虽然现在不常见了,但有时整个房间都会被用于搭建耶稣诞生场景。
The figures are often made of clay and are traditionally passed down through families.
模型一般用粘土制成,传统上每家代代相传。
As well as the normal figures of the Mary, Joseph, Jesus, the Shepherds and Three Kings, there are often lots of other figures of different people, including women making tortillas, people selling food and different animals and birds, like flamingos!
除了常见的玛丽亚、约瑟夫、耶稣、圣徒和三王,还有很多其他人物的模型,比如做玉米饼的妇女、食品贩和火烈鸟等动物。
The figures can be bought from markets in cities all over Mexico.
在墨西哥各个城市的市场上都有售卖这些模型。
The baby Jesus is normally added to the scene during the evening of Christmas Eve.
初生耶稣通常在圣诞前夜加入场景中。
The Three Kings are added at Epiphany.
三王在主显节加入场景。
 
Christmas Trees are becoming more popular in Mexico, but the main/most important decoration is still the nacimiento.
圣诞树在墨西哥的人气正在赶超耶稣诞生场景,但最重要也最主要的圣诞装饰还是耶稣诞生场景。
 
Christmas Eve is known as 'Noche Buena' and is a family day.
圣诞前日称为Noche Buena,是家庭团聚的日子。
People often take part in the final Posada and then in the evening have the main Christmas meal.
通常,人们会参加最后一次Posada,在晚上享用圣诞主餐。
At midnight, many people go to a Midnight Mass service, known as the 'Misa de Gallo' (Mass of the Rooster).
在午夜,许多人会参加午夜集体弥撒,他们称该活动为“雄鸡弥撒”(Misa de Gallo)。
There are lots of fireworks to celebrate Christmas Day.
圣诞节当天会放大量烟火。
 
Poinsettia flowers are known as 'nochebuena' (Christmas Eve) flowers in Mexico.
圣诞红在墨西哥别名“圣诞前日花”。
 
People in Mexico also celebrate 'los santos inocentes' or 'Day of the Innocent Saints' on December 28th ad it's very like April Fools Day in the UK and USA.
在墨西哥,人们还在12月28日庆祝“圣徒节”(los santos inocentes),该节日类似英美的愚人节。
28th December is when people remember the babies that were killed on the orders of King Herod when he was trying to kill the baby Jesus.
希律王为杀死还是婴儿的耶稣,曾下令杀死了许多婴儿,圣徒节就是人们缅怀这些被杀死的婴儿的日子。
 
In Mexico, children get their main presents at Epiphany (January 6th).
在墨西哥,孩子们在主显节收礼物。
In Mexico, Epiphany is known as 'El Dia de los Reyes' (the day of The Three Kings).
主显节在墨西哥称为“三王日”(El Dia de los Reyes)。
The presents are left by the Three Kings (or Magi).
礼物来自三王或称三圣贤。
It's traditional to eat a special cake called 'Rosca de Reyes' (Three Kings Cake) on Epiphany.
主显节的特色传统食品是“三王糕”(Rosca de Reyes)。
A figure of Baby Jesus is hidden inside the cake.
三王糕中藏着初生耶稣的模型。
Whoever has the baby Jesus in their piece of cake is the 'Godparent' of Jesus for that year.
吃到有耶稣模型的那块糕点的人,就是那年耶稣的教父/教母。
 
Another important day, is Candelaria (also known as Candlemas) on the 2nd February and it marks the end of the Mexican Christmas celebrations.
2月2日的圣烛节(Candelaria)也是个重要的日子,墨西哥的圣诞庆祝活动在该日落幕。
Lots of Mexicans have a party for Candelaria.
许多墨西哥人参加派对庆祝圣烛节。
 
In Mexico, presents might also be brought by 'El Niñito Dios' (baby Jesus) & Santo Clós (Santa Claus)
在墨西哥,初生耶稣和圣诞老人也是礼物使者。
 
In Mexico people speak Spanish (Español), so Happy/Merry Christmas is 'Feliz Navidad'.
人们在墨西哥讲西班牙语,“圣诞快乐”是“Feliz Navidad”。
 
The largest ever Angel Ornament was made in Mexico.
迄今最大的天使装饰诞生于墨西哥。
It was made in January 2001 by Sergio Rodriguez in the town of Nuevo León.
2001年1月Sergio Rodriguez在Nuevo León镇制作了它。
The angel was 18' 3"" high and had wing span of 11' 9"!
该天使装饰高18英尺3英寸,翼展11英尺9英寸。
Perhaps the most amazing thing about the angel was that it was completely made out of old beer bottles, 2946 of them!
这个天使最让人惊奇之处大概是它完全由旧啤酒瓶做成,总共2946瓶!  


最后编辑于:2014-12-25 18:19

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