动词被动语态的特殊用法和相关句型

misoto (请把小熊还给我) 高级粉丝
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发表于:2014-12-06 22:21 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

被动语态的特殊用法和相句型

一、不能用于动词被动语态的几种情况

1、不及物动词不能用于被动语态
The car doesn’t belong to me.
The accident happened yesterday morning.
2、连系动词不能用于被动语态
The fruit tasted nice.
His face turned red.
3、某些短语动词作不及物动词也不能用于被动语态
Great changes took place that year.
 

二、动词被动语态转换时须注意的几个问题

1、双宾语句子结构的转换(见3.1)
2、“主语+谓语动词+宾语+(疑问词)+to do”句子结构的转换
The man taught me how to repair a fridge.
→I was taught how to repair a fridge.
We asked her to sing a song.
→She was asked to sing a song.
3、带有“动词词组+宾语”句子结构的转换
This old man is well looked after by the young man.
These desks and chairs must be taken good care of.
The notice was put up this morning.
4、see, watch, hear, notice, feel, make, listen to, look at等动词/短语后作宾语补语的不定式都不带to;但改成被动语态后必须带to。
We often hear him play guitar.
He is often heard to play guitar.
 

三、动词被动语态有关句型

It is (was) agreed (believed/ hoped/ thought......) that......
It is (was) well known that......
It is (was) taken for granted that......
It is (was) said (reported/ heard/ told/ suggested) that......
 

四、主动形式表示被动意义

1、need, require, want等作谓语,后面的动名词要用主动形式表示被动意思
The house needs cleaning.
My hair requires cutting.
2、be worth doing形式表示被动的含义
This book is well worth reading.
3、有些“系动词+分词”的结构,意思上也接近被动结构。
He got wounded in a battle.
  

分类: 英语

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