【小词大世界】中东—国家名背后的故事(下)

florajang (小草庙庙) 人气新星
16 2 1
发表于:2015-01-27 14:10 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

今天我们继续讲中东国家名字背后的故事~其中有沙漠绿洲哦~

Iraq

伊拉克

Also a republic in Southwest Asia, Iraq is located between Saudi Arabia and Iran, centering around the basin of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. The name is thought to be from the Arabic araqa meaning "perspiration, deeply rooted, and well-watered." The name likely reflects the lush river-land emerging from Iraq's desert. The title may also originate from the Sumerian word uru meaning city, from the ancient city of Uruk in southern Iraq.

伊拉克是西南亚的一个共和国,地处沙特阿拉伯和伊朗之间,大约位于底格里斯河和幼发拉底河水系的中间部位。Iraq这个名字来源于阿拉伯语中的”araqa“一词,意为”努力,扎根,得到很好的灌溉“。该名字很可能是指伊拉克沙漠之中苍翠繁茂的河流地域。”Iraq“这个名称也许还源自苏美尔语的词汇uru,解释为”城市“,来自伊拉克南部的古城Uruk。


你知道哪个国家是由半人半狮子的巨兽所守护吗?接着往下看吧~

Egypt

埃及

Officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, the country is located in Northeast Africa on the Mediterranean and Red Seas. With a rich history that dates back over 5,000 years, Egypt is home to the Great Pyramids of Giza and the legendary Sphinx, an enormous stone statue of a winged lion with a woman's head. Though 96% of its land is desert, the life-giving Nile River runs through the country. Its name originates in the Greek name Aigyptos meaning "the river Nile, Egypt." 

埃及的官方名称为阿拉伯埃及共和国,位于东北非的地中海和红海之泮。拥有5000多年悠久历史的埃及,还是吉萨金字塔和颇具传奇色彩的斯芬克斯(一座巨大的雕像,身体为长着翅膀的狮子,头是女人的头)的故乡。虽然埃及96%的陆地是沙漠,但哺育了生命的尼罗河却横跨全境。埃及的名字来源于希腊名称—Aigyptos,意为”埃及的尼罗河“。


下一个国家跟埃及是近邻哦~

Israel

以色列

Israel became a country in 1948. After World War II this small region in Southwest Asia on the Mediterranean Sea was granted to the Jewish people as a homeland by the United Nations. The name Israel (meaning "struggle with God" in Hebrew) appears later in Biblical history when it was given to Jacob after he successfully wrestled with an angel. Though Egypt and Israel share a fraught Biblical history, Egypt was the first Arab nation to make peace with the Jewish state after 1977.

以色列在1948年成为独立的国家。第二次世界大战之后,联合国将地中海海岸西南亚的这块微小的区域授予犹太人,成为他们的家园。Israel(在希伯来语种意为”跟上帝一起奋斗“)之后才出现在圣经的历史上。那时雅各胜利打败一位天使之后得到这个称呼。虽然埃及和以色列同时拥有有争议的圣经历史,埃及却是1977年之后第一个跟以色列和平共处的阿拉伯国家。


说到埃及,除了金字塔外,你还想到了东西

往期阅读:

【小词大世界】中东—国家名背后的故事(上)

【小词大世界】明天不上班,聚会走起(上)

分类: 词汇学习
全部回复 (2)

  • 1

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团