【英语·英美文化】美国绰号“山姆大叔”的由来

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发表于:2015-01-28 11:15 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


【词汇学习】 
grub  n. 食物
e.g. Get yourself some grub and come and sit down. 你自己去盛些吃的,过来坐下吃。
lampoon  v. 冷嘲热讽,奚落
e.g. He was lampooned for his short stature and political views. 他的矮小身材和政治观点使他成了受奚落的对象。
progenitor  n. 祖先;先驱;鼻祖
e.g. The progenitor of this class of problems may date back to pre-Greek times. 这类问题的先驱可以追溯到希腊以前的时间。


【正文学习】 

       Sep 7, 1813: United States nicknamed Uncle Sam 

On this day in 1813, the United States gets its nickname, Uncle Sam. The name is linked to Samuel Wilson, a meat packer from Troy, New York, who supplied barrels of beef to the United States Army during the War of 1812. Wilson (1766-1854) stamped(v. 盖章;打戳记) the barrels with "U.S." for United States, but soldiers began referring to the grub as "Uncle Sam's." The local newspaper picked up on the story and Uncle Sam eventually gained widespread acceptance as the nickname for the U.S. federal government. 


In the late 1860s and 1870s, political cartoonist Thomas Nast (1840-1902) began popularizing the image of Uncle Sam. Nast continued to evolve the image, eventually giving Sam the white beard and stars-and-stripes suit that are associated with the character today. The German-born Nast was also credited with creating the modern image of Santa Claus as well as coming up with the donkey as a symbol for the Democratic Party and the elephant as a symbol for the Republicans. Nast also famously lampooned the corruption of New York City's Tammany Hall in his editorial cartoons and was, in part, responsible for the downfall of Tammany leader William Tweed. 


Perhaps the most famous image of Uncle Sam was created by artist James Montgomery Flagg (1877-1960). In Flagg's version, Uncle Sam wears a tall top hat and blue jacket and is pointing straight ahead at the viewer. During World War I, this portrait of Sam with the words "I Want You For The U.S. Army" was used as a recruiting poster. The image, which became immensely popular, was first used on the cover of Leslie's Weekly in July 1916 with the title "What Are You Doing for Preparedness?" The poster was widely distributed and has subsequently been re-used numerous times with different captions(n. 说明文字)


In September 1961, the U.S. Congress recognized Samuel Wilson as "the progenitor of America's national symbol of Uncle Sam." Wilson died at age 88 in 1854, and was buried next to his wife Betsey Mann in the Oakwood Cemetery in Troy, New York, the town that calls itself "The Home of Uncle Sam." 

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【作业】 

1. 翻译文中第一段划线句子

2. 除了“Uncle Sam”外,美国人的绰号还有哪些,你知道吗?

-----------以下内容回复可见-----------

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最后编辑于:2015-01-28 11:26

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