【听美文学词汇】 A Better Tomorrow 更好的明天​

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发表于:2015-01-29 23:30 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


【词汇学习】

fortitude  n. 坚韧,刚毅
e.g. They bore their plight with stoicism and fortitude. 他们以坚忍刚毅的精神直面困境。
martyr  n. 烈士; 殉道者
e.g. It is better to be a martyr than a confessor.与其做忏悔,不如做殉道者。
perplexity n. 困惑; 混乱
e.g. She looked at us in some perplexity. 她有点困惑不解地看着我们。
mural  n. (通常指大型的)壁画
e.g. One of the walls enclosing the park is decorated with a huge mural showing Hollywood stars. 公园的一堵围墙上装饰着好莱坞明星的巨幅壁画。


【正文学习】
 A Better Tomorrow   更好的明天

People often wonder why historians go to so much trouble to preserve millions of books, documents and records of the past. Why do we have libraries? What good are these documents and history books? Why do we record and save the actions of men, the negotiations of statesmen and the campaigns of armies?

人们常常心存疑虑,为什么历史学家要费尽周折地保存数以万计的书籍、文献和记录?我们为什么要有图书馆呢?这些文献和史书有何用处呢? 我们为什么要记载并保存人类的行为、政府官员的谈判和战争中的事件呢?
Because, sometimes, the voice of experience can cause us to stop, look and listen. And because, sometimes, past records, correctly interpreted, can give us warning of what to do and what not to do.
们这么做的原因在于有时候经验之音能促使我们停步、观察和倾听。也因为有时候过去的记载经过正确地诠释,能够给予我们警示,告诉我们有所为,有所不为。
If we are ever to create enduring peace, we must seek its origins in human experience and in the record of human idealism. From the story of fortitude, courage and devotion of men and women, we create the inspirations of youth. From stories of the Christian martyrs, right down to Budapest's heroic martyrs of today, history records the suffering, the self-denial, the devotion, and the heroic deeds of men. Surely from these records there can help to mankind in our confusions and perplexities, and in our yearning for peace. 
如果我们想要创造永久的和平,我们就必须从人类的经验以及人类历史的记载中去探索其渊源。从体现男性和女性勇敢和奉献精神的故事之中,我们获得了青春的灵感。历史记载着人类的一切苦难、克己、忠诚和英勇的事迹。这些记载一定会对处于困惑、茫然之中并渴望和平时的我们有所裨益。
The supreme purpose of history is a better world. History gives a warning to those who would promote war. History brings inspiration to those who seek peace.
历史的最高目标是创造一个更加美好的世界。历史对那些力主战争的人给以警告,给予那些寻求和平的人以予以鼓励。
In short, history helps us learn. Yesterday's records can keep us from repeating yesterday's mistakes. And from the pieces of mosaic assembled by historians come the great murals which represent the progress of mankind.

简而言之,历史帮助我们学习。昨日的记载可以使我们避免重蹈覆辙。这些历史学家们所拼合的无数镶嵌图案,将成为表现人类进步的伟大壁画。


【作业】

1. 跟读全文

2. 用文中学到的新单词造句


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