2015.01.30【英译中】美国的城市交通的公平性问题

fay_ai (非非) 译人小成
18 2 0
发表于:2015-01-30 15:14 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

ADDRESSING URBAN TRANSPORTATION EQUITY IN THE UNITED STATES*

提出美国的城市交通的公平性问题

Robert D. Bullard**


INTRODUCTION 简介

In the United States, all communities do not receive the same benefits from transportation advancements and investments.' Despite the heroic efforts and the monumental social and economic gains made over the decades, transportation remains a civil rights issue.' Transportation touches every aspect of where we live, work, play, and go to school, as well as the physical and natural world. Transportation also plays a pivotal role in shaping human interaction, economic mobility, and sustainability.
在美国,每个社区受到的交通建设与投资都各有不同。几十年来,尽管英雄主义合社会动荡以及经济发展有了很大的进步,交通依旧是一个公民权利问题。交通与我们生活、工作、休闲娱乐、上学以及物理合自然时间都息息相关。在构成人与人之间的交流、经济流动和可持续性上,交通也扮演这一个重要的角色。


Transportation provides access to opportunity and serves as a key component in addressing poverty, unemployment, and equal opportunity goals while ensuring access to education, health care, and other public services.' Transportation equity is consistent with the goals of the larger civil rights movement and the environmental justice movement.5 For millions, transportation is defined as a basic right.6 Transportation is basic to many other quality of life indicators such as health, education, employment, economic development, access to municipal services, residential mobility, and environmental quality.7 The continued residential segregation of people of color away from suburban job centers (where public transit is inadequate or nonexistent) may signal a new urban crisis and a new form of "residential apartheid."'8 Transportation investments, enhancements, and financial resources have provided advantages for some communities, while at the same time, other communities have been disadvantaged by transportation decision making.

交通提供了接触机遇的契机,并在确保到达教育、医疗卫生设施以及其他公众服务的同时,在强调贫穷、失业和同等机遇目标问题上也起着关键作用。平等交通与更大范围的公民权利运动以及环境正义运动的目标一致。对大众来说,交通被定义为一项基本的权利。交通是很多其他生活质量指标,像是健康、教育、就业、经济发展、地区服务可到达性、 居住流动性以及环境质量的基础。

/像是健康、教育、就业、经济发展、地区服务可到达性、 居住流动性以及环境质量等很多其他生活质量指标,都由交通作为基础。

有色人种的远离城郊工作中心(那些公共交通缺乏甚至不存在的地方)的持续居住隔离可能预示着新一轮城市危机以及新的居住种族隔离方式。交通投资、建设以及财政资源为一些社区提供了便利优势,而与此同时,其他社区却因交通决定而处于劣势。


下一页


500字

最后编辑于:2015-01-31 02:19
分类: 英语
全部回复 (2)

  • 0

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团