2015.01.30【英译中】非洲某国简史(500)

发表于:2015-01-30 15:38 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Brief History of Ethiopia 
埃塞俄比亚简史

Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world. What are believed to be the oldest remains of a human ancestor ever found, which have been dated as being some five million years old, were discovered in the Awash Valley in Ethiopia. 

埃塞俄比亚是非洲最古老的独立国家,也是世界上最古老的国家之一。在埃塞俄比亚的阿瓦什山谷发现的人类祖先的遗体,距今大概500万年,是迄今为止发现的最古老的遗体。

This beats the discovery of "Lucy", a 3.2 million year old skeleton, who was unearthed in the same area in 1974.

这打破了“露西原人(Lucy)”的发现,露西是320万年前的古老骷髅,在1974在于同一地点挖掘出来。


The Greek historian Herodotus, of the fifth century BC, describes ancient Ethiopia in his writings, while the Bible's Old Testament records the Queen of Sheba's visit to Jerusalem where "she proved Solomon with hard questions". 

公元前15世纪的希腊历史学家希罗多德(Herodotus)在他的作品中描述了古老的埃塞俄比亚,圣经旧约记录着示巴女王拜访耶路撒冷,在那里“她回应了那些无情的质疑,证明了所罗门的功绩”。

Matters clearly went further than that because legend asserts that King Menelik - the founder of the Ethiopian Empire - was the son of the Queen and Solomon.

随后的事实进一步证实了这点,因为传说声称埃塞俄比亚帝国的建立者里克国王一世是女王和所罗门的儿子。


Remains of the Queen of Sheba’s palace can still be seen today in Axum, in the province of Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Axum is also home to many other extensive historical sites, including the home of the Ark of the Covenant, brought there from Jerusalem by Menelik.

现在,在埃塞俄比亚北部的提格雷州阿克苏姆市仍能够在看到示巴女王宫殿的遗迹。同时,阿克苏姆还保留着大量其他的名胜古迹,例如由里克一世从耶路撒冷带到这里的约柜。


Missionaries from Egypt and Syria reached Ethiopia in the fourth century and introduced Christianity. In the seventh century, the rise of Islam meant Ethiopia was then isolated from European Christianity. 

埃及和叙利亚的传教士在公元四世纪来到埃塞俄比亚并引入了基督教。公元七世纪,兴起了伊斯兰教,断绝了埃塞俄比亚与欧洲基督教的来往。

The Portuguese re-established contact with Ethiopia in the 1500s primarily to strengthen their control over the Indian Ocean and to convert Ethiopia to Roman Catholicism. A century of religious conflict followed resulting in the expulsion of all foreign missionaries in the 1630s.

公元十五世纪葡萄牙人与埃塞俄比亚重新建立了联系,主要是为了加强他们在印度海的控制,以及将埃塞俄比亚的宗教信仰转变为罗马天主教。紧接着是长达一个世纪的宗教冲突,导致了十六世纪三十年代所有的外国传教士被驱逐出境。

分类: 英语
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