1%人口控制全球一半以上财富

王春雨521 (雨魂gg) 资深达人
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发表于:2015-01-31 23:14 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

  The richest 1 percent are likely to control more thanhalf of the globe’s total wealth by next year, thecharity Oxfam reported in a study released onMonday. The warning about deepening globalinequality comes just as the world’s business eliteprepare to meet this week at the annual WorldEconomic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.

  慈善机构乐施会(Oxfam)周一发布的一份研究报告称,明年世界上最富有的1%人口,很可能将控制一半以上的全球财富。这个关于全球不平等日益深化的警告发出时,全球商界精英正准备于本周在瑞士达沃斯参加世界经济论坛(WorldEconomic Forum)。

  The 80 wealthiest people in the world altogether own $1.9 trillion, the report found, nearly thesame amount shared by the 3.5 billion people who occupy the bottom half of the world’sincome scale. (Last year, it took 85 billionaires to equal that figure.) And the richest 1 percentof the population, who number in the millions, control nearly half of the world’s total wealth,a share that is also increasing.

  报告发现,全球最富有的80个人总共拥有1.9万亿美元(约合12万亿元人民币)的财富,几乎相当于收入水平处于全球后50%的35亿人所拥有的财富总和。(去年,85名亿万富翁的财富总和才达到这个水平。)最富有的1%人口,即数千万人,控制着全球总财富的将近一半,这个比例还在不断上升。

1%人口控制全球一半以上财富

  The type of inequality that currently characterizes the world’s economies is unlike anythingseen in recent years, the report explained. “Between 2002 and 2010 the total wealth of thepoorest half of the world in current U.S. dollars had been increasing more or less at the samerate as that of billionaires,” it said. “However since 2010, it has been decreasing over that time.”

  报告写道,世界各经济体目前贫富不均的状况在最近几年是前所未有的。“2002年到2010年间,世界上最贫穷的一半人口所拥有的财富总量的增速,与亿万富翁的财富总量增速基本上相同,”报告称。“然而自2010年以来,他们的财富总量却一直在减少。”

  Winnie Byanyima, the charity’s executive director, noted in a statement that more than abillion people lived on less than $1.25 a day.

  该组织的执行总干事温妮·比扬依玛(Winnie Byanyima)在一份声明中指出,全球超过10亿人口每天的生活费低于1.25美元。

  “Do we really want to live in a world where the 1 percent own more than the rest of uscombined?” Ms. Byanyima said. “The scale of global inequality is quite simply staggering.”

  “我们真的想生活在1%人口的财富总和比其他所有人财富总和还多的世界里吗?”比扬依玛说。“全球不平等的严重程度简直令人震惊。”

  Investors with interests in finance, insurance and health saw the biggest windfalls, Oxfam said.Using data from Forbes magazine’s list of billionaires, it said those listed as having interests inthe pharmaceutical and health care industries saw their net worth jump by 47 percent. Thecharity credited those individuals’ rapidly growing fortunes in part to multimillion-dollarlobbying campaigns to protect and enhance their interests.

  涉足金融、保险和卫生领域的投资者得到了最多的收益,乐施会说。该组织援引《福布斯》(Forbes)杂志亿万富豪榜的数据称,制药和卫生保健领域亿万富豪的财富净值跃升了47%。这家慈善机构认为,这些个人的财富之所以增长迅速,部分原因是他们为保护和巩固自身利益,耗资数百万美元开展了游说活动。


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