2015.01.31 【英译中】How To Write an Essay 如何写论文(上)【17句】

张冰海1990 (happy微笑) 译人小成
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发表于:2015-02-01 00:42 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

There are many ways to write an essay. However, the standard essay form follows the same basic patterns as discussed in this 'how to'. 

有许多方法来写一篇论文(写论文的方法有很多)。然而,论文的标准格式依照下面讨论的“怎样”相同的基本模式。

Most essays take a repetitive form sometimes known as the "hamburger essay". What this means is that the introductory and concluding paragraphs are very similar, whereas the most important information is found in the body of the essay. 

大部分论文采用重复的格式有时称作“汉堡论文”。就是那种简介和总结段落非常相似,而最重要的内容在论文主体部分。

Think of a hamburger: The buns cover the top and the bottom - the introduction and conclusion - and provide a nice covering for the most important part of the meal the burger.

想下汉堡:面包皮覆盖顶部和底部--简介和总结--为这一餐最重要的部分汉堡肉提供一很好的覆盖

Here's How:

这是怎样:
1. Select the topic of your essay.

选择论文主题
2. Choose the central idea, or thesis, of your essay. For example: Information technology has revolutionized the way we work.

选择论文的中心思想或者论点。例如:信息技术彻底改变了我们的工作方式。
3. Outline your essay into introductory, body and summary paragraphs.

概述你的文章简介,主体和总结段落。
4. The introductory paragraph begins with an interesting sentence. For example: Home workers have grown from 150,000 to over 12 million in the past 5 years thanks to the wonders of the computer. There are a number of types of introductions: Interesting statistics, a quote from a famous person, or a rhetorical question such as "Did you know that ...".

简介段落以一个有趣的句子为开始。例如:在过去五年里由于计算机的奇迹劳工已从15万到1千2百万年。有许多种类的简介:有趣的统计数据,引用名言,或者这样的反问“你知道……”。
6. After this first sentence, add your thesis statement from above. The thesis clearly outlines what you hope to express in the essay.

第一句之后,从上加上你的论点陈述(引入你的论点陈述)。论点清楚地概述你在这篇论文中所想表达。
7. Use one sentence to introduce every body paragraph to follow. This linking to ideas you will develop further in your body paragraphs provides structure to your essay.
用一句来简介接下来的每一主体段落 (随后的主体段落,每段都用一句话来介绍)。这相连的思想你将进一步发展提供你主体论文的结构 (主题段落中进一步展开的这种观点的联接为你的论文打造了(良好的)结构)。

最后编辑于:2015-02-01 10:23
分类: 英语
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