2015.02.01【英译中】2008清华

wanwantang (糖糖) 译往情深
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发表于:2015-02-01 20:55 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

For most of human history, the dominant concerns about energy have centered on the benefit side. inadequancy of energy resources of the technologies for harvesting, converting, and distributing those resources has meant insufficient energy benefit to human beings and hence inconvenience, and constraints on its growth. The 1970's, then, represented an turning point. energy was seen to be getting costlier in all respects. it began to be believable that excessive energy costs could pose threats on a par with those of insufficient supply. it also became possible to think that expanding some forms of energy supply could create cost exceeding the benefits.

在大部分人类历史中,主要关于能源的关注集中在有利利益方面。储存、转换和分配能源的技术的欠缺意味着人类能源利益的不足,不便利并限制了它的成长。在1970年代,观点转变了。能源在所有方面的成本增加。任何方面看起来都是逐渐被消耗的人们开始相信过度的能源成本消耗对这些供应不足的能源造成的威胁不相上下。人们同样也可能认为扩张其他形式的能源供应会增加成本超过所带来的增加利益。

the crucial questions at the beginning of the 1990's is the whether the trend that began in the 1970's will prove to be temporary or permanent. is the era of cheap energy really over, or will a combination of new resources, new technology and changing geopolitics bring it back? one key determinant of the answer is the staggering scale of energy demand brought forth by 100 years of population growth and industrial demand.

1990年初重要问题是这种自1970年开始的趋势是否是持续的还是暂时的。是否便宜的能源时代真的已经结束了,新能源的组合、新技术或者改革地缘政治政策地理政策能把它们带回来么?这个答案的一个主要的决定因素是100年来人口增长对能源的巨大需求和工业需求。要求能源增长的规模。

except for the huge pool of oil underlying the Middle East, the cheapest oil and gas are already gone. Even if a few more giant oil fields are discovered, they will make little difference against consumption on today's scale. Oil and gas will have come increasingly, for most countries, from deeper in the earth and from imports whose reliability and affordability cannot be guaranteed.

除了中东地下大量的油井,最便宜的油和气已经消失了。就算有更多的大的油田被发现了,他们对于今天的消耗量来说业制造成了很少的改变。对大多数国家来说,油和气的来源会增加,从地球深处或是进口,而这些来源的可靠性及负担能力已经不能保证。

分类: 英语
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