2015.02.03 【英译中】This is What Childhood Trauma Does To Human Longevity

发表于:2015-02-03 01:06 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
This is What Childhood Trauma Does To Human Longevity

童年创伤给人类寿命带来的影响


文章出处:http://www.spring.org.uk/2015/01/this-is-what-childhood-trauma-does-to-human-longevity.php


Having a stressful childhood has been linked in a new study to genetic changes which may cause accelerated aging.
在一项新的研究中,拥有一个充满压力的童年与可能会加速老龄化的基因变异联系在一起。

The study, published online in the journal Biological Psychiatry, found connections between both childhood adversity and psychiatric disorders and critical changes at the cellular level (Tyrka et al., 2015).
这项研究发表在网上的期刊《生物神经病学》上,研究发现了童年逆境与精神疾病之间的联系,以及其发生在细胞层次上的关键变化。(Tyrka等,2015)

Professor Audrey Tyrka, who led the study, said:
领导该项研究的奥德丽.特卡尔教授说道:

“We are interested in these relationships because there is now clear evidence that stress exposure and psychiatric conditions are associated with inflammation and health conditions like diabetes and heart disease.
“我们对这些联系感兴趣,是因为如今有明确的证据表明,正如糖尿病和心脏病一样,压力的暴露和精神疾病与炎症和健康状况相关联。

Identifying the changes that occur at a cellular level due to these psychosocial factors allows us to understand the causes of these poor health conditions and possibly the overall aging process.

识别这些发生在细胞层次上的变化,则是因为这些社会心理上的因素能使我们了解导致健康状况不佳和整体老化进程的缘由。”


For the research, 290 adults were asked whether they had lost parents as children or been maltreated in any way.
在研究中,290位成年人被询问是否在童年时失去父母,或者被虐待。

They were also assessed for mental health problems, including depression, anxiety and addictions.
同时,他们也被进行了心理健康问题方面的评估,包括是否有抑郁症、焦虑症和物质依赖。

The results showed that both mental health problems and childhood adversity were associated with shortening of telomeres — caps on each strand of DNA which affect how the cells age.(caps是DNA上的盖帽没错啦,但是横线后面这句本身是端粒的说明,翻译之后不知道放哪好了······只好大致翻译一下了)
研究结果表明,心理健康问题和童年逆境与端粒的缩短相关—每条DNA长链上的端粒会影响细胞的寿命。

Shorter telomeres have been repeatedly linked to accelerated aging.(不大明白repeatedly在这句的含义,求指教···)
一般而言,更短的端粒与老龄化的加快一再挂钩。

The study also found a link between childhood adversity and/or mental health problems and changes in mitochondrial DNA.
研究还发现了童年逆境和/或心理健康问题与线粒体DNA之间的联系。

These changes in mitochondrial DNA may be involved in mental health problems, although little is known about the connec0tion at present.( be involved in 这一句没有理解明白,是指DNA的变化导致或者说与心理健康问题有关?
这些线粒体DNA的变化可能包括在心理健康问题中,虽然我们目前对此联系知之甚少。

Professor Tyrka continued:
Tyrka教授还说道:

“Understanding this biology is necessary to move toward better treatment and prevention options for stress-related psychiatric and medical conditions, and may shed light on the aging process itself.”
“明白这种生物学上的联系是必要的,它能推进与压力相关的精神病和相关的健康状况的治疗和预防,并且可能可以揭示衰老过程本身。”

最后编辑于:2015-02-26 11:14
分类: 英语
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