2015.02.06 【英译中】What is a Trigger? 补完

发表于:2015-02-03 03:18 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
What is a Trigger? (17句)

By U. of Alberta, Sexual Assault Centre 

出处:http://psychcentral.com/lib/what-is-a-trigger/0001414

A trigger is something that sets off a memory tape or flashback transporting the person back to the event of her/his original trauma.

扳机,即心理创伤的诱发因素,是指一些能够唤起人原初创伤记忆或体验(即“闪回”现象)的外界线索。


Triggers are very personal; different things trigger different people. The survivor may begin to avoid situations and stimuli that she/he thinks triggered the flashback. She/he will react to this flashback, trigger with an emotional intensity similar to that at the time of the trauma. A person’s triggers are activated through one or more of the five senses: sight, sound, touch, smell and taste.

心理创伤的诱发因素本身的内容是因人而异的;不同的事情会触发不同人的创伤记忆和体验。灾难中的幸存者也会开始回避一些他/她认为会引发闪回体验的场景和刺激源。幸存者在面对闪回时,与创伤发生时强度相似的情感将会被引发。五感之中一个或多个(视觉、听觉、触觉、嗅觉和味觉)皆可激发一个人的创伤体验。


The senses identified as being the most common to trigger someone are sight and sound, followed by touch and smell, and taste close behind. A combination of the senses is identified as well, especially in situations that strongly resemble the original trauma. Although triggers are varied and diverse, there are often common themes.
被确定为最常见的引发人创伤体验的感觉为视觉和听觉,其次是触觉和嗅觉,味觉紧随其后。多种感觉组合的作用明显,特别是强烈类似于原初创伤的情况。虽然心理创伤的诱发因素变化多样,但它们经常有共同的主题。

改:视觉和听觉被认为是最常见的诱因感官,其次是触觉和嗅觉,味觉紧随其后。同时还发现了多重感官组合作用的存在,特别是在与原初创伤极其类似的情况里。虽然心理创伤的诱因多种多样,但是其中的共性仍普遍存在。



Sight
情景
* Often someone who resembles the abuser or who has similar traits or objects (ie. clothing, hair color, distinctive walk).
* 与施虐者外貌相像,或与其有相似的习惯的人(即相似的衣着、发色、独特的步态)
* Any situation where someone else is being abused (ie. anything from a raised eyebrow and verbal comment to actual physical abuse).
* 其他人正在受虐时的情景(任何的细节,从扬起的眉毛、当时的语言,到实质上的施虐行为)
* The object that was used to abuse.
* 被用来施虐的物品
* The objects that are associated with or were common in the household where the abuse took place (ie. alcohol, piece of furniture, time of year).
* 与虐待发生时有关的事物(即酒精、家具、事件发生的周年)
* Any place or situation where the abuse took place (ie. specific locations in a house, holidays, family events, social settings).
* 任何与虐待发生时有关的地点或情形(即家中特定的一个地方、节假日、家庭活动、社会环境)

Sound
声音
* Anything that sounds like anger (ie. raised voices, arguments, bangs and thumps, something breaking).
* 任何听起来像是争吵的声音(即上扬的语调、争吵、撞击声、物体被打碎的声音)
* Anything that sounds like pain or fear (ie. crying, whispering, screaming).
* 任何听起来像是痛苦、恐惧的声音(即哭泣声、低语声、尖叫声)
* Anything that might have been in the place or situation prior to, during, or after the abuse or reminds her/him of the abuse (ie. sirens, foghorns, music, cricket, chirping, car door closing).
* 任何与发生在虐待前、中、后相似的,或能使受虐者想起虐待的声音(即汽笛声、雾角声、音乐、蟋蟀的叫声、虫鸣声、汽车关门声)
* Anything that resembles sounds that the abuser made (ie. whistling, footsteps, pop of can opening, tone of voice).
* 任何与虐待实施时相似的声音(例如:口哨声、脚步声、罐头被开启的声音、某些特定的语调)
* Words of abuse (ie. cursing, labels, put-downs, specific words used).
* 施虐者在实施虐待时所说的话语(即咒骂、给受虐者贴标签、贬低奚落受虐者、以及一些其施虐时说的特定的词汇)

Smell

气味
* Anything that resembles the smell of the abuser (ie. tobacco, alcohol, drugs, after shave, perfume).
* 任何闻起来与施虐者所拥有的相似的气味(即烟草味、酒精味、药物的味道、须后水的味道、香水味)
* Any smells that resemble the place or situation where the abuse occurred (ie. food cooking ,wood, odors, alcohol).
* 任何闻起来与施虐地点所拥有的相近的气味(即烹饪食物的气味、木材的气味、臭味、酒精)

Touch
触觉
* Anything that resembles the abuse or things that occurred prior to or after the abuse (ie. certain physical touch, someone standing too close, petting an animal, the way someone approaches you).
* 任何与虐待实施本身或其发生之前、后有关的触觉(即实质上的触摸、与他人之间距离过近、抚摸动物、他人靠近自己的方式)

Taste
味觉
* Anything that is related to the abuse, prior to the abuse or after the abuse (ie. certain foods, alcohol, tobacco).
* 与虐待实施本身或其前、后相关的味道(即某种特定的食物、酒精、烟草)

 



最后编辑于:2015-02-07 19:54
分类: 英语
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