2015,02,03【英译中】The First Transcontinental Railroad

妮卡维雅 (Nika@Weiya) 译人小成
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发表于:2015-02-03 15:17 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

The First Transcontinetal Railroad

一条横跨大陆的铁路

The first transcontinental railroad was built in the United States. It can across North America. It was began and completed in the 1860s. This linked the railwya network of the eastern United States with California. The famous Golden Spike event was held on May 9, 1869. It was a ceremony to open the railway. This railway created a nationwide mode of travel. It changed the population and economy of the American West. It also completed the move away from wagon trains.

第一条横跨大陆的铁路是在19世纪60年代的美国建成的,它横跨了北美地区,将美国西部和美国加你福尼亚的铁路网线接连了起来。1869年5月9号,著名的“黄金道钉”庆祝仪式举办标志着全国范围旅行的开始。这条铁路不仅改变了美国西部的人口数量和经济,同时也标志着马车运输时代的结束。

This railway was agreed to be build by the Pacific Railway Act of 1862. It was heavily backed by the federal government. It was the victory of a decades-long effort to build such a line. It was one of the great achievements by Abraham Lincoln. It was completed four years after his death. Building the railway took huge feats of engineering and labor. The tracks run across the plains and high mountains. The railway is comprised of the Union Pacific Railroad and the Central Pacific Railroad. The two were privately built, but both were backed by the federal government. They lead weatward and eastward.

这条铁路经1862年的《太平洋铁路》的许可,并且得到了联邦政府大力支持。建造这样一条铁路是数十年的伟大成果,这同样也是亚伯拉罕·林肯的伟大成就之一,这条铁路直到林肯死后的第四年才完成。此铁路在建造时耗费了大量的人力和物力,它穿越平原越过高山,由联合太平洋铁路和中心太平洋铁路构成,这两条铁路虽然都是私人建成,但是都得到了联邦政府的支持,他们通向东部和西部。

The building of the railroad was meant to bind the Union together during the strife of the American Civil War. It filled the West with white settlers. This contributed to the decline of the Native Americans in these areas.

修建此条铁路旨在能够将处于内战冲突时期的美国联合起来。它使得殖民者迁往西部,同时也就值得西部地区的美国印第安人数目大量减少。

Most of the Union Pacific track was built by Irish larborers. Veterans of the Union and Confederate armies and Mormons also helped build the tracks. Most of the Central Pacific was build by Chinese laborers. At first,  Chinese people were thought to be too fragile to do this type of work. But later, more people were brought over from China. Most workers were paid between one and three dollars per day. But the Chinese workers received much less. Eventually, they went on strike. This gained them a small increase in salary.

大部分的联合太平洋铁路是由爱尔兰工人修建而成的,另外还有美工退伍的军人,南部南部联邦军队以及魔门教徒参与到修建当中。大部分的中心太平洋铁路则是由中国工人修建而成的。最开始,中国工人不被看好能够完成好这项工作,因为他们看上去太弱了。但是不久之后,大量的中国工人被带入了美国。当时多数的工人的日薪是1到3美元,但中国工人却低得多。最终,他们通过大罢工让他们的工资稍稍上涨了点。

分类: 英语
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