【英语·新词速递】Lichun (Beginning of Spring) -立春

florajang (小草庙庙) 人气红星
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发表于:2015-02-04 10:26 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

单词
Lichun (Beginning of Spring)

Lichun - literally means the beginning of the spring - is the 1st solar term.

立春为二十四节气中的第一个节气,其字面意思是春天伊始。
解说
Lichun begins when the Sun reaches the celestial longitude of 315° and ends when it reaches the longitude of 330°. It more often refers in particular to the day when the Sun is exactly at the celestial longitude of 315°. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around February 4 and ends around February 18.
立春开始时太阳到达黄经315°,立春结束时太阳到达黄经330°。立春更多地是指太阳处在黄经315°的那天。在格里高利历里,立春通常在2月4日左右开始,2月18日左右结束。
Each solar term can be divided into 3 pentads. They are first pentad, second pentad and last pentad. Pentads in Lichun include: First pentad - Dōng Fēng Jiě Dòng (东风解冻) which literally means east wind thaw. Lü Shi Chun Qiu said that the east is associated with wood, and wood generates fire, so the air is warm and causes ice to thaw. Second pentad - zhé chóng shǐ zhèn(蛰虫始振) which means literally hibernating insects awaken. Last pentad - yú shàng bīng(鱼上冰) which literally means fish swim upward near ice.
每一个节气可以分为三个候,分别是一候、二候和三候。立春的三候分别为:一候东风解冻,说的是东风送暖,大地解冻。吕氏春秋记载,东方属木,木能生火,因此气温变暖,冰冻融化。二候蜇虫始振,意为蛰居的虫类慢慢苏醒。三候为鱼上冰,意为鱼在河里的浮冰附近游。
习俗

The tradition of eating special snacks and dinners on the day is called "yaochun," which literally means "biting the spring." Other favorite dishes on the day include "zhouzi," braised pork joints and "chunjuan," fried rolls stuffed with leek and eggs.

立春要吃一些特殊的小吃,意为“咬春”。其他的一些食物还有肘子(猪蹄)和春卷(韭葱和鸡蛋卷)。

一年之计在于春~酷爱学习起来吧。

你还知道哪些跟春天相关的古诗词或名言俗语?


最后编辑于:2015-02-04 10:26
分类: 词汇学习
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