[雅思阅读]雅思阅读高分词汇之关系词

vivyyeung (杨维维vivy) 资深达人
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发表于:2015-02-05 16:11 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

常见于雅思阅读中的关系词包括:表示“因果”的关系词、“转折”关系词、“比较”关系词以及“并列”关系词等。

  1. “因果”的关系词 (as a result, result in, result from, lead to, because of, dueto, contribute to, owning to, hence, since, accordingly, consequently,therefore, in that, etc.)

  2.“转折”关系词 (despite, in spite of, but, although, though, while, yet,otherwise, on the other hand, however, nevertheless, nonetheless, etc.)

  3. “比较”关系词 ( more, than, less, the least, the most, prefer, equally,likewise, similarly, in comparison, as…as, etc.)

  4.“并列”关系词 ( first, second…finally, and, or, as well as, one… theother,not…nor…, etc.)

  A) 用于判断题型中,例:

  a) T: Most forms of environmental pollution are associated withindustrialization.

  Q: Industrialization has led to pollution problems.

  此题中题目与原文都含有因果关系,且因果相同,仅是同义词组替换罢了。

  b) T: Los Angeles has some of the world’s cleanest cars—far better thanthose of Europe—but the total number of miles those cars drive continues togrow.

  Q: Residents of Los Angeles are now tending to reduce the yearly distancesthey travel by car.

  此题原文转折词but所连接后面的内容continues to grow与问题中的考点tending to reduce形成语义矛盾。

  C) T: The traditional images of the “male breadwinner” and “femalehousewife and mother” may be breaking down among females but this process isoccurring more slowly among males.

  Q: Men accept changing perceptions of traditional gender roles more slowlythan women do.

  此题是一道明显的有关双方比较的题(more than 结构)此外,该句还存在明显同义词及词组的替换如:

  perceptions对应images, traditional gender roles 对应“male breadwinner” and“female housewife and mother”,man对应male, woman对应female.题干中的比较点及比较结果与原文判断一致。

最后编辑于:2016-04-08 15:42
分类: Ielts必备

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