掌握6个技巧保证托福高分口语

发表于:2015-02-05 17:05 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

在托福口语评分标准中,流利是高分的重要因素之一,托福口语答案中信息点之间的衔接是否自然流畅,直接影响到大家的托福口语表达效果。下面为大家介绍6个托福口语练习方法:

 1. 运用总分总的结构 Your listeners will understand your talk better if youorganize what you say in a logicalsequence or linear pattern. This means thatyou tell the listeners what you are going to talkabout and then go through thepoints you want to make. The most common pattern oforganization is outlinedbelow: Introductory statement Point 1 Point 2 Point 3 Concluding statement An example of this pattern is shown below: Breeding butterflies has many advantages for thecollector. 1. way of obtaining specimens 2. spares can be released into the wild 3. helps survival because butterflies have beenprotected from natural predators The experience is a learning experience for thecollector and a benefit to the species. 

2. 运用连接词 Connecting ideas by using transition words and phrases tells your listeners the relationship of one idea to the next. You can signal toyour listener that you are going to put events in asequence, add information,or make a comparison. You can signal that you want toemphasize or clarify apoint. Using transition words and phrases helps your listener followthe flow ofyour ideas. Read the following example without transitional expressions: In my physics class, we did lots of experiments thathelped clarify scientific principles. Iunderstood those principles better bydoing those experiments. These sentences would flow better if the speaker usedtransitional expressions as in thefollowing example: In my physics class, we did lots of experiments thathelped clarify scientific principles. As aresult, I understood those principlesbetter. 

3. 解释或定义陌生概念 In order to help your listeners understand, you mayneed to define a term that you use inyour response. Read the following example: My hobby is telemark skiing. If the speaker does not define the term and listenersdo not know what telemark skiing is,they might not understand the rest of thepassage. Sometimes listeners can guess themeaning through the context of thepassage, but sometimes they cannot. Here is thedefinition this speaker gave oftelemark skiing: That means skiing using telemark skis. Even though the speaker defined telemark skiing,listeners still may not understand whatit means because the speaker defined theterm with the same word. To effectively define aword, use a three-partdefinition: 1. State the word or phrase to be defined. 2. Give the category that the word or phrase fitsinto. 3. Tell how the word is different from other wordsthat fit the same category. Read this example of an effective definition: Telemark is a type of alpine skiing in which the bootsare connected to the skis only at thetoes, so traditional skiing techniqueshave to be modified. 

4. 正确使用平行结构 Your listener can understand the flow of your ideasbetter if you use parallel structureswhen you speak. Read the followingincorrect example: My teacher gave interesting assignments and motivatingthe students. The listener may be confused because the speaker hasmixed different grammaticalstructures. Does the speaker mean My teacher gaveinteresting and motivating assignments tothe students'? In this sentence,interesting and motivating are parallel adjectives. Or does thes peaker mean My teacher gave interesting assignments and motivated the students? In this sentence, gave and motivated are parallel verbs. 

5. 对关键词进行替换或同义转换 When a speaker keeps repeating a word or phrase,listeners can get confused. Read thefollowing example: My teacher wrote the assignment on the chalkboard. Theassignment was on thechalkboard until the teacher erased the assignment afterwe had all done the assignment. This speaker's ideas would be clearer if the repeatedwords were replaced with otherexpressions or with pronouns. Look at the waythis example can be improved: My teacher wrote the assignment on the chalkboard. Sheerased the board after we had allcompleted the task. The word assignment has been replaced with task; theword teacher with she; and theword chalkboard with board. 

6. 时态、人称和数量的统一 Your listener can get confused if you are notconsistent. Look at the following example: My teacher brought five paper bags to school one day.He put us into groups and gaveeach group a bag. You have to take the objectsout of the bags in turn and then a person hasto tell a story involving theobject from the bag. The listener may get confused by the change from thepast tense to the present tense,and the change from us to you and then to aperson. The listener might also be confused bythe change from the plural formobjects and bags to the singular forms object and bag. The listener could follow this speaker's ideas betterif the speaker were consistent. Look atthe way this example can be improved: One day my teacher put us into five different groups.He gave each group a bag and told us to take turns pulling out an object and telling the other members of the group a story involving that object.

 如果你能掌握上面这6个方面的技巧,那么你的托福口语成绩一定会趋近满分的


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