【考试求助攻】江苏转本悲催的英语渣

发表于:2015-02-05 21:31 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

江苏省2011年普通高校专转本选拔考试英语

试题卷(非英语类专业)

第I卷(共100分)

Part I

Passage One

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

Everyone loves to eat! People in every country enjoy this activity. There are so many different kinds of food in the world一 Chinese food, Italian food, South American food, Indian food, and many others. It's fun to eat and compare different types of cuisine. Italian food is sometimes very spicy, but South American food is usually much spicier. Indian food can be the spiciest of all - sometimes it's so hot that it can make your mouth burn! But that's okay because then you can drink some good Italian or French wine to reduce the burning!

Some wonderful food comes from the Eastern countries. Chinese food is popular in many pars of the world. Lots of people love Chinese-style vegetables because they are so crispy. Because Chinese-style vegetables are usually cooked for a much shorter time, they are crispier than American-style vegetables. In fact, they are probably the crispiest cooked vegetables you can find.

Some people don't like American-style food. They think it is often less tasty and sometimes less nutritious than food in other countries. Americans spend nearly half their food dollars on meals away from home. They eat more "fast food", such as hamburgers, hot dogs, pizzas, canned and frozen food, for fast food takes a short time to prepare. Often, Americans feel they are too busy to spend a lot of time cooking. it's easier to pick up a pack of fried chicken on the way home from work or take the family out for pizzas or burgers than to start opening cans or heating up frozen dinners after a long, hard day.

Of course, in some other countries, like France, cooking is still an "art form". Some people believe that French cuisine is the best in the world. Certainly,each person has a different opinion about which country has the tastiest food. But people in many places agree that French food is the most delicious and the best prepared.

1. The main idea of this passage is that ▲ .

A. American food is less delicious than food in other countries

B. people in many countries prefer Chinese food

C. it's interesting to compare a variety of food in different countries

D. people enjoy different kinds of food in the world

2. We can infer from the passage that ▲ .

A. wine makes you mouth burn

B. French chefs love t be artists

C. South American food is not so spicy as Indian food

D. the most wonderful food comes from Eastern countries

3. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? ▲ .

A. French food is delicious, but not well prepared

B. Indian food has to be enjoyed with Italian or French wine

C. Chinese-style vegetables are possibly the crispiest

D. American food is believed t be the most difficult to cook

4. Americans eat a lot of "fast food" because ▲ .

A. they believe American food is the best

B. American food contains more nutrition

C. they don't like food in other countries

D. they don't think they have enough time to prepare meals

5. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? ▲ .

A. Chinese-style vegetables are often cooked for a short time

B. American food is often believed to be less tasty

C. Everyone in the word dislikes Indian food

D. People have different opinions about French cuisine

Passage Two

Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.

If American children have to use mosquito ringtone (静音) of cell phones at school, a university in Japan is doing the opposite: giving cell phones to students. And not just any cell phone-the iPhone 3G.

According to Asiajin, about 550 students and staff members in the School of Social Informatics at Tokyo-based university Aoyama Gakuin received the iPhone 3G for free as part of their study materials.

This is the result of a deal that Aoyama Gakuin signed with SoftBank, the only sales representative of the iPhone in Japan. The number of students using the iPhone is expected to reach about 1,000. This is the first time a particular cell phone has been used on such a huge scale at a Japanese university.

The phone will work as a study tool for students. As it comes with the global positioning system (GPS), the university plans to use it to check student attendance. Dropping classes is a big problem in Japan, where regular attendance is an important factor in determining a student's grade. Students often fake attendance by getting classmates to answer roll calls.

Now, with the iPhone 3G, the school plans to keep better tabs on (监控) its students. Students are allowed to use the phone for attendance reporting (but only if they are actually in the classroom, a fact that will be proved by the phone's GPS), lecture podcasting, and online examinations. A student can't answer the roll cal using the phone from any location other than the classroom.

Students can, of course, still cheat the new system by leaving their phones with fellow classmates, but this is not very likely to happen, as people tend to keep a lot of private information on their phones that they don't want to share with others.

As for calling and data plans, the university covers the basic fee. The hardware itself is free, but students will have to pay when they exceed downloading limits.

6. According to the passage, American children are ▲ at school.

A. encouraged to use cell phones

B. not encouraged to use cell phones

C. offered a new type of free cell phones

D. allowed to use free cell phones

7. Which of the following statements is NOT true of the School of Social Informatics? ▲ .

A. Students receive the iPhone 3G for free

B. Students use the iPhone 3G as a study tool

C. Students have received the iPhone 3G before

D. Students can save private information on the iPhone 3G

8. Which of the following problems might be solved by using the iPhone 3G? ▲ .

A. Fake attendance reported by classmates

B. Failure of on-line examinations

C. Answer to roll calls at school

D. High cost of telephoning

9. The following functions of the iPhone 3G are mentioned in the text EXCEP ▲ .

A. attendance reporting

B. lecture podcasting

C. online examinations

D. downloading payment

10. This passage is mainly about ▲ .

A. the uses of the iPhone 3G at a Japanese university

B. the advantages of the iPhone 3G in Japanese universities

C. the control of dropping classes in a Japanese school

D. the use of GPS to locate students at school

Passage Three

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.

Coco Chanel, a French woman, is very famous for her success in the fashion world. The life of Coco Chanel is a classic rags-to-riches story. Born in 1883, she was abandoned by her father after her mother died. She was raised by her aunts who taught her to sew and gave her the nickname Coco, which means "little pet".

Staring out as a hat designer, Coco went against the fancy hats being worn at the time. "How can a brain function under those things," she wondered. Instead, she created simple, but beautiful designs which became popular with fashionable young women of Paris.

Strangely enough, Word War I gave her the chance to develop her idea of simple elegance from hats to clothing. Due to the shortage of material during the war, she took the opportunity to show that less can truly be more, introducing turtle-neck (叠领) sweater and pants for women.

In 1923, Coco launched her line of perfumes. "A woman who does not wear perfume has no future!" she said, and women believed her. Since its first appearance, Chanel NO.5 has been the world's most popular perfume, with another bottle being sold every 30 seconds. And Coco herself inspired generations of women designers and businesswomen to pursue their dreams.

11. The word famous brand "Chanel" is named after ▲ .

A. a little animal B. a hat company

C. the nickname of a French woman D. the surname of a French girl

12. Coco had her hats ▲ those of her time at the beginning of her designing.

A. fancier than B. different from

C. similar to D. more expensive than

13. According to the passage, Chanel's designs can be best described as ▲ .

A. fashionable B. luxurious

C. simple and elegant D. A and C

14. The launch of Chanel perfumes is based on the belief that ▲ .

A. a woman who does not wear perfume has no future

B. it will be the world's most popular perfume

C. it will be sold every 30 seconds

D. women are fond of al kinds of perfumes

15. Coco Chanel's success story tells us that ▲ .

A. becoming rich is not so difficult

B. women are more likely to succeed

C. people can pursue their dreams

D. the poor are more likely to succeed

Passage Four

Questions 16 to 20 are base on the following passage.

Everyone knows that laziness is not good. We have probably al had lectures telling that laziness is immoral, that it is wasteful, and that lazy people will never gain anything in life. But laziness can be more harmful than that, and it is often caused by more complex reasons. Some people who appear to be lazy are suffering from much more serious problems. They may not trust their fellow workers and they are unable to join in any group task for fear of being laughed at or for fear of having their ideas stolen. These people who seem lazy may be affected by a fear of failure that prevents successful work. Some people are so busy planning great deals that they are unable to deal with" easier" work on hand. Still others are not avoiding work; strictly speaking, they are simply putting of their work.

Laziness, however, can actually be helpful. Some people may look lazy while they are really thinking, planning and researching. We should al remember that great scientific discoveries happened by chance. Newton wasn't working on the farm when the apple hit him and he devised the theory of gravity. Al of us would like to have someone "lazy" build the car we buy, particularly if that "laziness" were caused by the worker's taking time to check each step of his work and to do his job right. And sometimes, being "lazy" - that is, taking time of for a rest一is good for the overworked students or executives. Taking a rest can be particularly helpful to the sportsman who is trying too hard or the doctor who is simply working himself overtime too many evenings in the hospital. So be careful when you want to cal someone lazy. That person may be thinking, resting, or planning his or her next work.

16. The main idea of this passage is that ▲ .

A. laziness is a bad habit that everyone wants to get rid of

B. there are advantages and disadvantages in being lazy

C laziness is the sign of very serious emotional problems

D. lazy people usually do their work more carefully

17. Which of the following statements is mentioned in the passage? ▲ .

A. Laziness is a kind of mental disease

B. Laziness is more beneficial than harmful

C. Laziness cannot be explained

D. Laziness is sometimes due to a fear of failure

18. Which of the following ideas does the passage support? ▲ .

A. Most of the time laziness is a good quality

B. Most assembly workers are lazy

C. The word "laziness" is sometimes misused

D. Most overworked people are lazy

19. The author's attitude towards laziness is ▲ .

A. objective B. subjective

C. critical D. humorous

20. As used in this passage, the word "devised" ( in Paragraph 2 ) probably means ▲ .

A. understood B. wrote

C. created D. proved

PartⅡ Vocabulary and Structure (共40小题,每小题1分,共40分〉

21. By the middle of the 21st century, the vast majority of the word's people ▲ in cities rather than in rural areas.

A. are living B. will be living

C. have lived D. will have lived

22. Al fights ▲ because of the snowstorm, many passengers could do nothing

but stay at the airport.

A. had been cancelled B. were cancelled

C. having been cancelled D. have been cancelled

23. The problem is believed ▲ at the meeting two days ago.

A. to have discussed B. to have been discussed

C. being discussed D. having been discussed

24. It was so hot that they ▲ the electric fan ▲ all through the night.

A. had; running B. had; run

C. had; ran D. had; to run

25. Some of the committee members suggested ▲ a party for the visitor, but the

Chairman didn't approve.

A. to arrange B. arrange

C. arranging D. to be arranging

26.一Do you regret paying five hundred dollars just for the oil painting?

一No. I would gladly have paid ▲ for it.

A. twice as much B. twice so much

C. as much twice D. so much twice

27. ▲ me most was that the young man who had lost both arms in an accident could

play the piano beautifully with his feet.

A. That amazed B. It amazed

C. Which amazed D. What amazed

28. The team leader promised to attend the meeting ▲ he arrived at the office.

A. for the time being B. the moment

C. as much as D. the day

29. Bob ▲ hard, otherwise he ▲ this exam.

A. must have worked ?would fail

B. mustn't have worked? wouldn't fail

C. can't work ?wouldn't have failed

D. can't have worked ?wouldn't have failed

30. Scarcely ▲ asleep when a knock at the door awakened her.

A. had she fallen B. she had fallen

C. did she fall D. she fell

31. ▲ man realized that the brain controlled our thinking.

A. It was not until the 18th century that

B. It was the 18th century since

C. Not until the 18th century did

D. It was until the 18th century which

32. The president of the college, together with the deans, ▲ planning a conference

for setting a series of regulations.

A. were B. are C. is D. be

33. Advertising is distinguished from other forms of communication ▲ the

advertiser pays for the message to be delivered.

A. in that B. in which C. in order that D. in the way

34. My grandfather has a pair of ▲ .

A. Spanish leather black boots B. black Spanish leather boots

C. Spanish black leather boots D. leather Spanish black boots

35. I don't think you can finish painting the fence alone in such a short time,

▲ ?

A. do I B. can you C. can't you D. won't you

36. There were ▲ accidents on the road this year than last year, but this doesn't

mean there is ▲ need for careful driving.

A. less; less B. fewer; little C. less; fewer D. fewer; fewer

37. Needless to say, the second list of words ▲ more easily than the first one.

A. can remember B. can be remembered

C. will remember D. be remembered

38. When I went out jogging early this morning, I found the ground wet. It ▲ last

night.

A. might have rained B. may have rained

C. can have rained D. must have rained

39. The reason why I came back is ▲ she would have been very angry if I hadn't.

A. that B. because C. for D. that because

40. Don't come tomorrow. I'd rather you ▲ next weekend.

A. will come B. came C. to come D. had come

41. How can a crowd ▲ while a woman is being attacked and robbed?

A. stand for B. stand up to C. stand by D. stand up

42. Although the financial crisis spread al over the southeaster Asian countries, the

market in China remained ▲ as usual.

A. fixed B. fresh C. firm D. steady

43. She ▲ his anger though he did not say a word to her.

A. understood B. heard C. sensed D. learned

44. The government has ▲ the prices of medicines for the benefit of the people.

A. brought down B went down C. closed down D. reduced down

45. In some cases, your instructor may tell you the topics ▲ or may give you a

choice of topics to write about.

A. in advance B ahead of C. above all D. just right

46. ▲ there is little we can do to change the weather, we can at least know what

kind of weather to expect.

A. Where B. Lest C. Although D. Unless

47. The Browns have not ▲ yet and I doubt whether they will come.

A. turned in B. turned out C. turned up D. turned to

48. She will have to look for somewhere else to work, for she can't ▲ such

loud noise any longer.

A. come up with B. catch up with C. keep up with D. put up with

49. It is reported that many automobile accidents ▲ careless driving.

A. attributed to B. resulted from C. contributed to D. raised from

50. I am ▲ grateful for the kindness you have shown my son.

A. excessively B. frequently C. certainly D. happily

51. The old man expects that his son will ▲ the company when he retires.

A. take to B. take out C. take off D. take over

52. The police asked for the ▲ of the public in tracing the missing boy.

A. cooperation B. combination C. possibility D. capacity

53. In computer programming, the model is ▲ to any of the others we have ever had.

A. more superior B the more superior

C. the most superior D. superior

54. ▲ the large amount of time devoted to English listening every day, most

college students feel it hard to understand English news broadcasting.

A. However B. If C. Despite D. Even

55. I have given up trying to convince him; there is no point ▲ arguing with him.

A. by B with C. for D. in

56. No one knew the man's marital status until he ▲ it in the course of a

conversation.

A. displayed B. revealed C. exhibited D. exposed

57. We will take a tour around Hangzhou next year ▲ we have enough money.

A. lest B. until C. unless D. provided

58. ▲ the traffic jam, they would have arrived earlier.

A. Except for B. But for C. Apart from D. Instead of

59. I'l1 be very glad that you agree to ▲ the pear robbery in the shopping mall.

A. look up B. look for C. look over D. look into

60. The mysterious guest on the show is ▲ the president of our university.

A. no more than B. none other than

C. not other than D. nobody than

Part Ⅲ Cloze (共20小题,每小题1分,共20分) In any comprehension text you will find words that you don't know. You can 61 them up in a dictionary, of course, 62 it is a good idea to get 63 the habit of using a dictionary as 64 as possible, particularly if you are preparing 65 an examination. In fact, if you read the text 66 and think, it is usually possible to guess the 67 of most words that you don't know. Look 68 the context of each word - the sentence that it is 69 ,and the sentences that come before and after. Look to see 70 the word is repeated 71 in the text; the more often it is 72 ,the easier it is to understand. Some words 73 be guessed from looking at their 74 . But don't expect to be able to gues 75 of the new words in a text. There will be 76 that you can only get a general 77 of, and a few will be impossible. Don't 78 too much time worrying about these: the most 79 thing is to understand the text as a (an) 80 as well as possible, and one or two difficult words will not usually make much difference.

61. A check B. look C. find D. try

62. A. since B. because C. but D. therefore

63. A. into B. by C. from D. through

64. A. frequently B. rarely C. much D. farther

65. A. in B. into C. against D. for

66. A. quickly B. really C. strictly D. carefully

67. A. meaning B. usage C. context D. function

68. A. for B. after C. at D. on

69. A. with B. between C. for D. in

70. A. if B. what C. how D. where

71 A. later B. late C. lately D. later

72. A. appeared B. counted C. used D. shown

    73. A. must B. would C. should D. can

74. A. forms B. faces C. builds D. blocks

75. A. some B. any C. many D. all

76. A. some B. little C. none D. much

77. A. model B. example C. concept D. idea

78. A. waste B. have C. use D. try

79. A. interesting B. important C. pressing D. advantageous

80. A. unity B. entire C. whole D. complete

第Ⅱ卷(共50分)

Part IV Translation (共35分)

Section A (共5小题,每小题4分,共20分〉

Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese. You may refer to the corresponding passages in Part I.

81. Indian food can be the spiciest of al-sometimes it's so hot that it can make your mouth

burn! But that's okay because then you can drink some good Italian or French wine to reduce the burning!

82. The number of students using the iPhone is expected to reach about 1,000.

This is the first time a particular cell phone has been used on such a huge scale at a Japanese university.

83. Due to the shortage of material during the war, she took the opportunity to show that

less can truly be more, introducing turtle-neck (叠领) sweater and pants for women.

84. They may not trust their fellow workers and they are unable to join in any group task

for fear of being laughed at or for fear of having their ideas stolen.

85. Some people may look lazy while they are really thinking, planning and researching.

We should al remember that great scientific discoveries happened by chance.

Section B (共5小题,每小题3分,共15分〉

Directions: Translate the following sentences into English.

86.日本地震后,人们开始担忧核能安全了。

87.是朋友的关爱和信任帮她度过了艰难的日子。

88.如果我负责这个项目,我会更好地利用现有的资金。

89.尽管石油的价格大幅度上涨,还是有很多人买车。

90.要在学习上取得进步,学生需要具备独立学习的能力,而不是依赖老师。


Part V Writing (15分〉

You are required to write at least 120 words, following the outline given below:

1.目前大学生面临各种压力,如学习压力、经济压力、就业压力等等;

2.请描述你生活中的主要压力;

3.你通常是如何缓解这种压力的。


                                                              (以11年试卷为例)



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