Part 1 Unnecessary nouns and verbs(1)---Nouns

Lilymay99 (麦麦) 高中
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发表于:2015-03-16 17:42 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Part One: Unnecessary Words


"Vigorous writing is concise. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph on unnecessary sentences, for the same reason that a drawing should have no unnecessary lines and a machine no unnecessary parts."

-- William Strunk, Jr and E.B. White  The Element of Style


作者观点:

Any words which perform no useful function in the sentence -- that is, which add nothing to the meaning -- should be edited out.


I. Unnecessary Nouns and Verbs


Nouns

    中式英语中的多余名词经常是和冠词和介词名词一起出现的。这些词的意思其实已经包含在句子其他元素中,所以往往是多余的。

例:[中文为原文,A句为原翻译,B句为建议修改]


【基础型】

1. 加快经济改革的步伐

A: to accelerate the pace of economic reform 

B: to accelerate economic reform

[ to accelerate = to increase the pace of]


2. 农业获得丰收

A: there have been good harvests in agriculture

B: there have been good harvests

["harvests" implies agriculture: there are no harvests in industry]


3. 这些困难在本质上是暂时的

A: these hardships are temporary in nature

B: these hardships are temporary

[形容词描述的就是名词的nature或者character。所以像red in color, large in size, few in number都是冗余的表达]


【进阶型

中文中很多比较虚的词,如果照样子翻出来,这些词根本不会增加句子的含义,删掉反而更清楚

例:

1. A: It is essential to strengthen the building of national defense

B: It is essential to strengthen national defense


2. A: at that time the situation in northeast China was still one where the enemy was stronger than the people's forces

B: at that time the enemy was stronger than the people's forces in northeast China


3. A:.... is a subject that has been discussed in detail

B: ... has been discussed in detail

[从例2、3可以看出来,写作时不要贪恋从句,否则会语言会很生硬不自然


大家一起来做题~~:

1、this accounts for the inadequate efficiency in the performance of their duties 需要删去的是?
A: in the performance
B: in the performance of their duties
C: inadequate
D: of their duties


2、throughout this period there was a severe shortage in the supply of a great variety of goods 需要删除的是?
A: in the supply
B: of a great variety
C: of a great variety of goods

答案回复可见


参加本次作业人数已满50人,第二篇学习笔记及作业已发布,戳我去完成>>>>

大家加油,一起来~

第二篇

-----------以下内容回复可见-----------


最后编辑于:2016-09-07 14:22

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