英美文学经典

sweetiemandy (sweetiemandy) 中级粉丝
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发表于:2015-05-06 21:51 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

文学类和口译的关系不大,但文学阅读对于提高英文的鉴赏能力以及语感都有很大的作用。其实语言学到一定程度就是拼积累。口笔译也是长时间积累才能得心应手的。以下是我非常喜欢的几篇分享,应该大部分人都知道~经典文章背诵下来是很好的,供大家参考

《致切斯特菲尔德伯爵书 
》这是一篇很讽刺的作品,讲的是切斯特菲尔德伯爵当年拒绝了帮助塞缪尔·约翰逊出版后者的字典,后来塞缪尔·约翰逊通过自己的努力终于将他传世的字典付梓.就在这时,切斯特菲尔德伯爵无耻地写信给他要求自己成为这本字典的出版者,于是塞缪尔·约翰逊就写了这封经典的讽刺信表达对伯爵无耻行为的厌恶和憎恨. 
Samuel Johnson's letter to Lord Chesterfield 
致切斯特菲尔德伯爵书 
To The Right Honourable The Earl Of Chesterfield 
7th February, 1755. 
My Lord, 
I have been lately informed, by the proprietor of The World, that two papers, in which my Dictionary is recommended to the public, were written by your lordship. To be so distinguished is an honour which, being very little accustomed to favours from the great, I know not well how to receive, or in what terms to acknowledge. 
When, upon some slight encouragement, I first visited your lordship, I was overpowered, like the rest of mankind, by the enchantment of your address, and could not forbear to wish that I might boast myself Le vainqueur du vainqueur de la terre;—that I might obtain that regard for which I saw the world contending; but I found my attendance so little encouraged, that neither pride nor modesty would suffer me to continue it. When I had once addressed your Lordship in public, I had exhausted all the art of pleasing which a retired and uncourtly scholar can possess. I had done all that I could; and no man is well pleased to have his all neglected, be it ever so little. 
Seven years, my lord, have now passed, since I waited in your outward rooms, or was repulsed from your door; during which time I have been pushing on my work through difficulties, of which it is useless to complain, and have brought it, at last, to the verge of publication, without one act of assistance, one word of encouragement, or one smile of favour. Such treatment I did not expect, for I never had a patron before. 
The shepherd in Virgil grew at last acquainted with Love, and found him a native of the rocks. 
Is not a patrons my lord, one who looks with unconcern on a man struggling for life in the water, and, when he has reached ground, encumbers him with help? The notice which you have been pleased to take of my labours, had it been early, had been kind; but it has been delayed till I am indifferent, and cannot enjoy it: till I am solitary, and cannot impart it; till I am known, and do not want it. I hope it is no very cynical asperity not to confess obligations where no benefit has been received, or to be unwilling that the public should consider me as owing that to a patron, which providence has enabled me to do for myself. 
Having carried on my work thus far with so little obligation to any favourer of learning, I shall not be disappointed though I should conclude it, if less be possible, with less; for I have been long wakened from that dream of hope, in which I once boasted myself with so much exultation, 
My Lord, 
Your lordship's most humble, 
most obedient servant, 
SAM. JOHNSON 


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