【英语·英美文化】纽约的十大绰号,你知道几个?

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发表于:2015-05-08 15:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]


【词汇学习】

immigrant  n. 移民,侨民

e.g. Canada has many immigrants from Europe. 加拿大有许多欧洲移民。

skyscraper  n. 摩天大楼;摩天大厦

e.g. A skyscraper has been erected. 一栋摩天大楼拔地而起。

metropolis  n. 首都;大都会;大都市

e.g. He was dazzled by the gaiety and splendor of the metropolis. 大都市的花花世界使他感到眼花缭乱.

satire  n. 讽刺; 讽刺文学; 讽刺作品

e.g. It's a satire somewhat in the manner of Dickens. 这部讽刺作品有点狄更斯的风格。


【正文学习】

The 10 best nicknames for New York City and their origin.

1. The Empire City 帝国城市

David Stravitz first printed this name in his photographic book titled New York, Empire City: 1920-1945. It represents New York City's wealth and resources. First president George Washington saw New York as the "seat of empire".

2. The Big Apple 大苹果
Jazz musicians called New York City "the Big Apple" in the 1920s and 1930s. They got the term from a horse track worker who said where to a horserace in NYC was referred to as the Big Apple.

3. The City that Never Sleeps 不眠之城
A New York City nickname popularized from lyrics in the song "New York, New York" by the one and only Frank Sinatra.

4. World's Biggest Urban Playground 全球最大的城市运动场
NYC was named this because immigrant children played stickball(n. <美>棍子球) throughout the New York Streets in the 1930s.

5. The Melting Pot 大熔炉
The term Melting Pot was first used in publication by Israel Zangwill in his play adapted from Shakespeare's Romeo & Juliet titled The Melting Pot in 1908.

6. Manhattan 曼哈顿
Manhattan was the nickname used by the Algonquin Indians when the island was first settled by the Dutch in the 1620s. The name Manhattan was quickly adopted by the settlers and today is the official name of the most famous borough(n. 自治市镇;大城市中的行政区).

7. The City of Skyscrapers 摩天楼之城
New York City has more skyscrapers than any other city in the world. Many NYC buildings have had the honor of tallest in the world at one point.

8. The Metropolis 大都会
Metropolis is the fictional name of the New York City clone in the comic book Superman.

9. The Financial Hub 世界金融中心
With Wall Street leading the charge, New York City is the financial capital of the world. Enough said.

10. Gotham / Gotham City 高谭市
Washington Irving wrote a satire titled the Salmagundi Papers《杂谈报》 calling New York City the name Gotham in 1807. Batman and DC Comics took it from there.


【作业】

1. 文章上方的图片是纽约的什么标志性建筑?

2. 你的家乡有什么昵称吗?

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最后编辑于:2015-05-08 16:35

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