【朗阁雅思培训】雅思写作难点解析犯罪类话题

发表于:2015-05-13 10:43 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

在雅思写作中,提到犯罪类的写作话题,很多学生会觉得其中的一些内容是十分陌生的,而且在面对这类写作话题时,会时常感到无从下手,不知从何谈起。以下是与犯罪类有关的三大原则,考生如将这几大原则灵活地运用到自己的文章中去,即使再碰到类似话题,也不会措手不及了。

量刑原则

 1. Some people believe that there should be fixed punishment for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that the circumstances of an individual crime, and the motivation for committing it, should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

 

Arguments for fixed punishment:

 1.    固定惩罚可以确保公正性

Fixed punishment is a sure measure to avoid any unfairness occurring in the court of law, guaranteeing the justice of laws, regardless of their gender, race, religion, social status, etc.

2.    固定惩罚可以起到震慑作用

This kind of penalty exerts a deterring effect on the potential criminals, i.e., if someone is inclined to commit some offenses, they would not make decisions easily.

 

Arguments against fixed punishment:

1.    在一些特殊情况下的犯罪可以减刑

Some offenders do not intend to do illegal deeds, but either are forced to do so or are for self-protection purposes.

2.    有些犯罪动机可以得到豁免

Under such circumstances as natural disasters, many people steal some necessities in order to go through these difficulties, like stealing food from the grocery or markets or drugs from the hospital or clinic, which is fully justified for them to be exempt from these crimes.

 

2. Can capital punishment (death penalty) ever be justified?

Arguments against capital punishment:

1. 死刑只是对罪犯的一种处罚,而并不能够将犯罪行为中受害者生命挽回,或者赔偿其所遭受的伤害。

Capital punishment, which even though manages to bring the criminals to justice, could by no means compensate for physical, mental and psychological sufferings inflicted on victims, or in some extreme cases, bring back their lives.

 

2. 无论一个人犯多大的错误,其他人都无权剥夺其生命。(人权)

It is entirely unjustified to deprive one of his/her rights to live regardless of how insanely severe and cruel the offenses he/she has committed are. This subject matter has boiled down to the controversial issue of human rights.

 

Arguments for capital punishment:

1. 如果死刑犯没有受到最为严厉的惩罚,那么这对受害者是不公平的。

It would be only fair for the victims if the criminals are subject to the greatest fear of alldeath.

 

2. 如果死刑取消的话,那么很多潜在的罪犯就不会顾忌做出一些极为可怕的犯罪行为。

If capital punishment is ever to be done away with, the potential wrong-doers wouldn’t be deterred from committing staggeringly serious offenses among which serial murder proves particularly appalling.


更多学习资料请见:http://www.longre.com/zt/sqfbb_150424/index.html?ka-hj


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