看李开复教女儿如何度过大学生涯

发表于:2015-05-13 16:10 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
李开复曾就读于卡内基梅隆大学,获计算机学博士学位,后担任副教授。他是一位信息产业的经理人、创业者和电脑科学的研究者。曾在苹果、SGI、微软和Google等多家IT公司担当要职。2009年9月从谷歌离职后创办创新工场,并任董事长兼首席执行官。
2013年9月,李开复对外宣布罹患淋巴癌。
2013年10月21日称最近化疗后身体检查结果有几项指数未降反升,需要更加严格的遵照医嘱,专注于治疗和休养。不得不大幅度减少在社交媒体上的时间。
2015年2月13日,据创新工场联合创始人王肇辉的朋友圈状态显示,李开复在患病离开北京17个月后回到了创新工场的北京办公室,与员工进行交流。

College will be the most important years in your life. It is in college that you will truly discover what learning is about. You often question "what good is this course". I encourage you to be inquisitive, but I also want to tell you: "Education is what you have left after all that is taught is forgotten." What I mean by that is the materials taught isn't as important as you gaining the ability to learn a new subject, and the ability to analyze a new problem. That is really what learning in college is about – this will be the period where you go from teacher-taught to master-inspired, after which you must become self-learner. So do take each subject seriously, and even if what you learn isn't critical for your life, the skills of learning will be something you cherish forever.

大学将是你人生最重要的时光,在大学里你会发现学习的真谛。你以前经常会问到 “这个课程有什么用”,这是个好问题,但是我希望你理解:“教育的真谛就是当你忘记一切所学到的东西之后所剩下的东西。”我的意思是,最重要的不是你学到的具体的知识,而是你学习新事物和解决新问题的能力。这才是大学学习的真正意义——这将是你从被动学习转向自主学习的阶段,之后你会变成一个很好的自学者。所以,即便你所学的不是生活里所急需的,也要认真看待大学里的每一门功课,就算学习的技能你会忘记,学习的能力是你将受用终身的。


Do not fall into the trap of dogma. There is no single simple answer to any question. Remember during your high school debate class, I always asked you to take on the side that you don't believe in? I did that for a reason -- things rarely "black and white", and there are always many ways to look at a problem. You will become a better problem solver if you recognized that. This is called "critical thinking", and it is the most important thinking skill you need for your life. This also means you need to become tolerant and supportive of others. I will always remember when I went to my Ph.D. advisor and proposed a new thesis topic. He said "I don't agree with you, but I'll support you." After the years, I have learned this isn't just flexibility, it is encouragement of critical thinking, and an empowering style of leadership, and it has become a part of me. I hope it will become a part of you too.

不要被教条所束缚,任何问题都没有一个唯一的简单的答案。还记得当我帮助你高中的辩论课程时,我总是让你站在你不认可的那一方来辩论吗?我这么做的理由就是希望你能够理解:看待一个问题不应该非黑即白,而是有很多方法和角度。当你意识到这点的时候,你就会成为一个很好的解决问题者。这就是“批判的思维”——你的一生都会需要的最重要的思考方式,这也意味着你还需要包容和支持不同于你的其他观点。我永远记得我去找我的博士导师提出了一个新论题,他告诉我:“我不同意你,但我支持你。”多年后,我认识到这不仅仅是包容,而是一种批判式思考,更是令人折服的领导风格,现在这也变成了我的一部分。我希望这也能成为你的一部分。

Do your best in classes, but don't let pressure get to you. Your mother and I have no expectations for your grades. If you graduate and learn something in your four years, we would feel happy. Your Columbia degree will take you far, even if you don't graduate with honors. So please don't give yourself pressure. During your last few months in high school, you were so happy because there was little pressure and college applications are finished. But in the past few weeks, we saw you are beginning to worry (did you know you bite your nails when you are nervous?). Please don't be worried. The only thing that matters is that you learned. The only metric you should use is that you tried. Grades are just silly letters that give the vain people something to brag, and the lazy people something to fear. You are too good to be either.

在功课上要尽力,但 不要给自己太多压力。你妈妈和我在成绩上对你没什么要求,只要你能顺利毕业并在这四年里学到了些东西,我们就会很高兴了。即便你毕业时没有获得优异的成 绩,你的哥伦比亚学位也将带你走得很远。所以别给自己压力。在你高中生活的最后几个月,因为压力比较小,大学申请也结束了,你过得很开心,但是在最近的几 个星期,你好像开始紧张起来。(你注意到你紧张时会咬指甲吗?)千万别担心,最重要的是你在学习,你需要的唯一衡量是你的努力程度。成绩只不过是虚荣的人 用以吹嘘和慵懒的人所恐惧的无聊数字而已,而你既不虚荣也不慵懒。



Follow your passion in college. Take courses you think you will enjoy. Don't be trapped in what others think or say. Steve Jobs says when you are in college, your passion will create many dots, and later in your life you will connect them. In his great speech given at Stanford commencement, he gave the great example where he took calligraphy, and a decade later, it became the basis of the beautiful Macintosh fonts, which later ignited desktop publishing, and brought wonderful tools like Microsoft Word to our lives. His expedition into calligraphy was a dot, and the Macintosh became the connecting line. So don't worry too much about what job you will have, and don't be too utilitarian, and if you like Japanese or Korean, go for it, even if your dad thinks "it's not useful" : ) Enjoy picking your dots, and be assured one day you will find your calling, and connect a beautiful curve through the dots.

在大学里你要追随自己的激情和兴趣,选你感兴趣的课程,不要困扰于别人怎么说或怎么想。史蒂夫•乔布斯曾经说过,在大学里你的热情会创造出很多点,在你随后的生命中你会把这些点串联起来。在他著名的斯坦福毕业典礼演讲中,他举了一个很好的例子:他在大学里修了看似毫无用处的书法,而十年后,这成了苹果Macintosh里漂亮字库的基础,而因为Macintosh有这么好的字库,才带来了桌面出版和今天的办公软件(例如微软Office)。他对书法的探索就是一个点,而苹果Macintosh把多个点联结成了一条线。所以不要太担心将来你要做什么样的工作,也不要太急功近利。假如你喜欢日语或韩语,就去学吧,即使你爸爸曾认为那没什么用:)尽兴地选择你的点吧,要有信念有一天机缘来临时,你会找到自己的人生使命,画出一条美丽的曲线。










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