词汇(2)

sgn1982 (很高兴见到你) 核心会员
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发表于:2015-05-14 16:45 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

词汇(2)

2015-04-21 赵像鸡 

首先,要尽量掌握这些核心词。然后,试着根据你的感觉在例句中盖住某个单词,如果能从句子的其他部分推出这个单词的大意,说明你已经非常习惯GRE填空的叙述语境和考察意图。




【正文】



abysmal

adj.very bad 非常糟糕的

The abysmal failure of the free market system in Russia has led some people to argue that the planned economy of the Soviet Union,while not perfect,was better suited to Russia's history and culture than the Western-style capitalism.

俄罗斯自由市场制度的惨痛失败使一些人认为,较之西方的资本主义制度,苏联的计划经济尽管不尽完善,但可能更适合俄罗斯的历史和文化。


free market:

an economic market in which the demand and supply of goods and services is either not regulated or is slightly regulated.自由市场。


planned economy:

an economic system in which the production,allocation,and consumption of goods and services is planned in advance.Another term for planned economy is"command economy".计划经济,指令性经济。


capitalism:

an economic and political system in which a country's industry and trade are controlled by private owners rather than the government.资本主义。


accretion

n.growth in size or increase in amount 增大,增多

In the 1960s,the American geophysicist Harry Hess conceived the idea of sea-floor spreading,a process in which the new crust in the ocean is continually generated by igneous processes at the crests of the mid-oceanic ridges,causing a steady accretion of the crust.

20世纪60年代,美国地球物理学家哈里·赫斯提出了海床扩张的构想。在这一过程中,大洋中脊顶部的火成过程不断产生新的地壳,导致海底新的地壳稳步生成,从而形成海床扩张。


geophysicist:

one who specializes in the physics of the earth and its environment.地球物理学家。


igneous:

in geology,relating to the formation of rocks by solidification from a molten state.The word igneous is from Latin ignis(fire).火成的,火成岩的。


accrue

v.to accumulate;grow by additions 累积,增加;自然增长

Regulating the growth of large companies when they begin to become monopolistic is difficult task for government in a capitalist country;if it limits monopolies too much,the nation's firms could become less competitive than foreign companies that enjoy the advantages accruing from greater monopolies.

在资本主义国家,当一些大公司开始表现出垄断的苗头时,政府却很难限制其发展壮大。因为如果过度限制垄断,那么较之国外的大公司,本国的大公司就可能变得缺乏竞争力,因为国外的大公司可以获益于更大的垄断积累的优势。


monopolistic:

having exclusive control over a commercial activity. 垄断的。


adamant

adj.uncompromising;unyielding 不屈服的,不妥协的;固执的

Despite widespread opposition to his plan,the political party's leader is adamant that the party must move to the center to appeal to moderate voters.

尽管那位政党领导人的计划遭到不少反对,但他仍坚持认为该政党应不遗余力地争取中间选民。


adjunct

n.something added,attached or joined 附加的东西,附属物

Speed walking,cross-country running,and marathons are normally regarded as adjuncts of track and field athletics since races in these sports are not normally held on a track.

竞走,越野跑和马拉松通常被归为田径运动的附属项目,因为这些比赛通常不在跑道上进行。


admonish

v.to caution or reprimand 提醒;警告,告诫

The judge admonished the jury to discount testimony that had been ruled inadmissible.

法官提醒陪审团不要理会已经宣布无效的证词。


adulterate

v.to corrupt or make impure 掺假,使不洁

The unscrupulous company sells an adulterated version of the drug,and doesn't inform consumers that they are getting a less efficatious drug than they think they are getting.

那家见利忘义的公司出售假药,而且并不告知消费者他们购买的药品并不像他们预期的那样有效。


aesthetic

adj.relating to beauty or art 有关美的,审美的;美学的,艺术的

n.a conception of what is artistically beautiful 美感

Members of the English aesthetic movement,suck as Oscar Wilde,were proponents of the doctrine of art for art's sake,which is the belief that art cannot and should not be useful for any purpose other than that of creating beauty.

奥斯卡·王尔德等一些英国唯美主义运动倡导者倡导“为艺术而艺术”的理念,即艺术不能也不应该用于除产生美以外的任何其他目的。

The Gothic aesthetic dominated European art and architecture from approximately the twelfth to the fifteenth century.

约从12世纪至15世纪,哥特式美学一直在欧洲的艺术和建筑中占主导地位。


aesthetics

n.

1 a conception of what is beautiful 美感

2 a branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and art,and standards in judging them 美学(对美的认识,研究美和艺术及其评判标准的一个哲学分支)


aesthete

n.someone who cultivates a special sensitivity to beauty,especially the person whose interest in beauty and art is regarded as excessive or superficial 审美家,唯美主义者(有时含贬义)


Gothic:

a style of architecture that was very popular in the late Middle Ages characterized by suck features as pointed arches,soaring spaces,and light.哥特式(建筑)

In literture the term refers to a genre of fiction that was popular in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.Gothic novels have an atmosphere of gloom,mystery,and horror.哥特式(小说)


affected

adj.pretentious,phony 假装的,矫揉造作的;赝品的

It has been argued that the emphasis on so-called "proper English" leads to unnatural and affected speech.

有人认为对所谓的“正式英语”的强调会催生不自然的,矫揉造作的英语。


affinity

n.

1 fondness;liking 亲切,喜爱

2 similarity 相似性,相似处

The female students in the class felt an affinity for the ancient Greek playwright Euripides because he sympathized with women,slaves,and other despised members of his society.

班上的女同学都喜欢古希腊剧作家欧里庇德斯,因为他同情妇女,奴隶以及其他被他那个社会所鄙弃的人。





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