词汇(4)

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发表于:2015-05-14 16:52 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

词汇(4)

2015-05-07 赵像鸡 



【正文】



ambivalence

n. a state of having conflicting emotional attitudes

矛盾情绪,犹豫不决

John felt some ambivalence about getting married before finishing college.

J对完成大学学业前就结婚感到很矛盾。


ambivalent

adj. 矛盾的,举棋不定的

In public opinion surveys in the United States, scientists rank second only to physicians in public esteem, yet much of the public is increasingly ambivalent about some of the implications for society of "Big Science" and its related technology.

美国公众意见调查显示,在最受公众尊敬的职业中科学家排在第二位,仅次于医生,然而很多民众对“大科学”及其相关技术带来的社会影响的态度日益矛盾(译者注:大科学是国际科学界近年来提出的新概念,其主要特点是:投资强度大、多学科交叉、需要昂贵且复杂的实验设备、研究目标宏大等)。


ambrosia

n.

1 the food of the gods

神的食物

2 something delicious

美味食品

The combination of flavors in the Moroccan baked eggplant was pure ambrosia.

摩洛哥烤茄子中混合了各种调料的风味,简直就是人间美味啊。


ambrosial

adj. 美味的;神的

The food critic praised the chef for preparing what he called an "ambrosial meal".

那位美食评论家称赞了大厨,称其做出了“神食般的佳肴”。


In Greek mythology, ambrosia and nectar were the delicious and fragrant food and drink of the gods that gave them immortality. The English word nectar(form Greek nektar) means a sweet liquid secreted by flowers, or a delicious drink.

在希腊神话中,神食和蜜露是供神享用的美味香馨的食物和饮品,食用后可长生不老。英语单词nectar(蜜露,甘露)来源于希腊语nektar,指从花种提取出来的甜美饮品或非常好喝的酒。


ameliorate

v. to improve

提高,改善

Knowing they could not stop the spread of a contagion in a few days, health authorities worked to inhibit its spread and to ameliorate its effects by issuing warnings to the public and initiating immunization programs.

考虑到难以在几天内遏制住这种传染病的传播,卫生部门开始向民众通报其危害性并开始实施免疫计划以控制其传播,并减少其造成的影响。


amenable

adj. agreeable; cooperative; suited

同意的,乐意的;合作的;适合的

The young writer is amenable to suggestions for improving her prose style to make it more interesting.

那位年轻作家很乐意听取能改善其文风使其更有趣的建议。


amenity

n. something that increases comfort

便利设施;舒适

Many amenities considered normal and necessary by people in developed countries, such as indoor plumbing, were luxuries only a few generations ago.

在发达国家被当作普通而必要的生活便利设施,如室内管道,在短短几代前还是奢侈品。


amulet

n. ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits

护身符

The early Christian Church forbade the use of amulets, which had become common in the Roman Empire at the time the Christian Church began to develop.

早起基督教会禁止佩戴护身符,而这一习俗早在基督教会刚刚兴起时在罗马帝国就已经很普遍了。


anachronism

n. something out of the proper time

时代错误;不合时宜的事

Some experts regard the retirement age of 65 as an anachronism at a time when people in the developed world have much longer life expectancies than previously.

很多专家认为规定65岁退休非常不合时宜,因为在发达国家,现代人的平均寿命比以前长得多。


analgesic

n. medication that reduces or eliminates pain

止痛药,镇痛剂

Aspirin(the trademark of the drug acetylsalicylic acid) is a powerful analgesic that was introduced in 1899 and is still one of the most effective medicines available to alleviate pain, fever, and inflamation.

阿司匹林(药品乙酰水杨酸的商用名称)是一种强效镇痛剂,诞生于1899年,至今仍是所有药物中最能有效缓解疼痛,发烧和炎症的一种。


analogous

adj. comparable

可比的;相当的

The psychology researcher's experiment postulates that the brain is analogous to a digital computer.

心理学家在实验中把人脑假定为数字计算机。


analogy

n. a similarity in some ways between things that are otherwise dissimilar

类比;相似,类似

The idea fo evolution in nature is sometimes misconstrued and applied by analogy to other areas in which there is scant evidence for its existence; a notable example of this is Social Darwinism, in which it is argued that society is like nature, and thus people, like animals, are competing for survival, with those who are genetically superior at surviving and reproducing.

自然界中的进化论有时候被曲解,并用于其它领域进行类比,但在这些领域还没有足够的证据表明进化论的存在。一个著名的例子就是社会达尔文主义,该理论认为,社会就像自然界,因此人就像动物一样,为生存而竞争,结果是基因优秀的人才获得生存和繁衍的权利。


analog

n. something that is comparable to something else

类似物,相似体

Some commentators have posited the existence of an analog to the Protestant work ethic in Chinese culture, which they call the "Confucian work ethic", to explain the economic success of some countries with large Chineses populations.

有人认为在中国文化中已经找到了与新教的职业道德相对应的理念,他们称之为“儒家职业道德”。他们据此来解释一些有着大量华裔人口的国家能在经济上取得成功。


Social Darwinism

a theory in sociology that individuals or groups achieve advantage over others as the result of genetic or biological superiority

社会达尔文主义:一种社会学理论,认为社会中的一些个体或团体因其基因或生活学方面的优越性而获得优势


Protestant work ethic

a view of life that encourages hard work and a rational view of the world as a way to achieve material success

新教职业道德:一种鼓励勤勉工作的人生观,一种以获得物质成功为目的的理性世界观。


Confucian

a system or ethics based on the teachings of the ancient Chinese sage Confucius. It places a high value on family relationships

儒家思想:依据中国古代圣贤孔子的说教而形成的一套思想体系和道德规范,高度推崇家族关系。


anarchy

n.

1 absence of government

无政府状态

2 a state of disorder

混乱

The American philosopher Robert Nozick does not advocate anarchy, rather, he argues for the merits of a minimal state that would not violate the natural rights of individuals.

美国哲学家罗伯特·诺齐克并不赞同无政府状态,而是为不会侵犯个人自然权利的“最低限度的国家”进行辩护。


anarchic

adj. lacking order or control

无秩序的,混乱的

The student of mythology speculated that Dionysos was created as a projection of the pleasure-loving, anarchic aspect of human nature.

学习神话学的人会产生这样的推断,人们创造出酒神狄俄尼索斯是为了折射人性中纵欲、混乱的一面。


anarchism

n.

1 a theory that all forms of government are oppressive and should be abolished

无政府主义(认为任何形式的政府都是一种压迫,应该废除)

2 the advocacy of this theory or the attempt to bring about anarchism

反政府活动

Most political scientists do not believe anarchism to be a tenable theory of government.

很多政治学家认为无政府主义这种关于政府的理论是站不住脚的。




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