一起烤雅思 1-11a RECOUNTING THE PAST

steelver (白龍) 路人甲
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发表于:2012-05-10 12:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
近期节目传送门~ Episode7 α β Episode8 α β Episode9 α β Episode10 α β
收到热心童鞋的建议,音频将分为小节,方便大家逐页对照,也可以自由轻松的调整学习进度^_^ 碰到不懂的单词请召唤小D喔~


Today we’re going to look at ways to talk about something that’s happened in the past, and we’ll also have a look at ways to form compound and complex sentences.

First, we’re going to listen to a woman talk about a dramatic event in her past. Four years ago, she had a stroke – a blood vessel burst in her brain.

Here’s what happened to her.

A stroke is whereby the blood supply to the brain is cut off. The major signs of having had a stroke that most people would equate with is weakness, so paralysis of an arm, leg or face. In others it can be a loss of speech or inability to communicate.

Others may have loss of vision or a combination of all those things.

I was just so physically fit and also emotionally I was on top of the world. I had a really good job at that time, and I was getting married.

I just felt terribly nauseous and I woke up with pins and needles down one side of my leg, and then it worked its way up towards my arm and across.

I was just immobile. I couldn't move. I couldn't walk. I was paralysed on this side of my body.


Simone is telling her story. She is giving a recount of what happened to her and how she was affected.

A recount is a story about past events, usually in the order in which they occur.

Let’s take another look at a clip from today’s episode. Listen for the past tense verbs in Simone’s story.

I was just so physically fit and also emotionally I was on top of the world. I had a really good job at this time, and I was getting married.

She says ‘I was so physically fit, I was on top of the world. I had a really good job’.

Here, ‘was’ and ‘had’ are past tense verbs.

They’re irregular verbs.


Let’s compare the three forms of these irregular verbs.

From the infinitive form of the verb ‘to be’, we can form the simple present forms: ‘am’, ‘is’ and ‘are’; and we can also make the simple past forms – ‘was or were’.

Notice that the verb to be is the only verb in English that has two past tense forms. All
others just have one.

Let’s do the same for the verb ‘ to have’.

What is the simple present for of the verb ‘to have’?
‘Has’, or ‘have’.

And the simple past form?
‘Had’.

When you learn new verbs, it’s important to learn them with all their different forms, so
make sure you write verbs down in a notebook, and work out all their different tenses as well.

When you are recounting a story that happened in the past, you’ll need to use all these simple past tense forms of verbs.

You’ll also need to use a variety of ‘transition signals’ - words that help to order the events.

Using transition signals will help the reader or listener follow the order of events in the story.

Listen for the transition signal in this clip.

I just felt terribly nauseous and I woke up with pins and needles down one side of my leg, and then it worked its way up towards my arm and across.

She uses the word ‘then’. ‘Then’ is very common in informal spoken language, so are other more informal transition signals like ‘next’ or ‘after that’.

Simone said she had a feeling of pins and needles in her leg. ‘Then’ it worked its way to her arm.
点击查看大图~STUDY NOTES~RECOUNTING THE PAST
今天的语法点是过去式,本期就说说一般过去时吧^__^
Recounting a story, incident or event is to write or talk about something, which has happened in the past. It may be an event from your life (personal recount), a narrative, biography, diary entry or another form of description.

When describing events which have already occurred in the past, it is necessary to use past tense verbs and time expressions/words which order past events or refer to points of time in the past.

Simple Past and Past Perfect Tenses
These notes compare simple past and past perfect use, and focus on time expressions in relation to the order or sequence of past actions, events, or situations.
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点击查看大图

答题区

1、本期就不出题啦^__^撒钱~

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