【一起烤雅思】S1E3 Study Notes A

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发表于:2012-08-13 17:00 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
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今天的知识点是~DESCRIBING DATA

When describing data, or anything for that matter, it is important to include details and comments on what is significant, to show that you are aware of which features are critically important and require comment.

Descriptions are not very useful unless they are detailed. Details need also to be put into perspective – compared and contrasted with something (a shared standard or reference point); or located during or over a particular period of time. Making comments demonstrates that the significance of trends, or of what is being described, is appreciated. It also helps the reader to appreciate the importance of these trends.

In describing data there are several aspects to consider:

当阐述数据之类的事物时,一定要注意详述、注解重点,以示你知道哪些内容重要,哪些需要注解。阐述数据时要注意以下几个方面~

1. Organisation of a good description of data – how to construct a complete
description. 理清条理
2. Language choices in descriptions of data – language choice enables
variety. 措辞 (tips:language有"措辞"的意思,即wording)
3. Register – formal and informal language choices. 表达方式
4. Prepositions of Time – there are several prepositions (at, in, on, by, from,
for, between, to, till, until), which are useful when describing data. 时间介词的运用~

今天就先只讲1. Organisation of a good description of data
It is helpful to remember that there are three parts to a good description:记住了一下3点,能很好的帮你理清数据表达的思路~

a. Statement “DVD sales increased dramatically”
b. Data “between 2001 and 2004”, “from 2 to 3 million”
c. Comment “a rise of 50%”, “a significant growth”
Between 2001 and 2004, DVD sales increased dramatically, from 2 to 3 million. This was a rise of 50%, quite a significant growth.
The order of these parts is not necessarily fixed or rigid. So, we can write:有条理地组织内容,不要太死板,所以可以这样写~
Sales of DVDs showed significant growth, rising from 2 to 3 million between 2001 and 2004 – an increase of 50%.

Another example of a good description:再来个例子吧~
a. The number of candidates taking IELTS increased again
b. in 2003 from 355,000 to well over 475,000
c. – a rise of 34%.
The number of candidates taking IELTS increased again in 2003 from355,000 to well over 475,000 – a rise of 34%.

Include data as evidence or examples to support your description, and make a comment to show you understand the significance of what you are describing.

So, follow these steps to construct a good description:
按部就班养成良好的表达习惯~
a. Identify the trend Laptop production rose
b. Include evidence from 4 million to 5 million units
c. Include the period for the first 3 months of 2003
d. Include comment This is a growth of 25%.

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答题区

1、Sales rose last year from 50,000 to 100,000 units. This represents an ____ of 100%.
2、This was a ____ development – the first time targets were reached.
最后编辑于:2012-08-15 14:34

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