【150608】第24期: China's new human rights report

绝望罗勒 (布丁小葵) 资深达人
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发表于:2015-06-08 16:29 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

 

因为想考翻译证,最近很喜欢看China Daily,也很喜欢把China Daily中颇有意思的新闻抄录下来练笔。

之前用茄子说的方法,把新闻中不懂的单词抄下来,以首字母排好,然后按字母顺序一个一个地背。这样在背完A字母的单词后,看新闻就不会再出现一个以A开头而我又不懂的单词了。这个方法听起来好像很玄乎,但真照着做了大半年,发现现在看新闻真的几乎没有一个不懂的以A开头的单词了。好神奇……

当然,我不是说茄子说这个方法真有多好,只是觉得把背单词和看新闻结合在一起,还挺有意思的,而且从某个奇怪的方面而言,可是相当有成就感的哦!因为新闻的用语比较固定,同一类话题中,单词出现的重复率可是相当高的哦!

熊孩子,趁着立夏的热量,开始学习吧!


Please write down your wild guess on words below, and check it out after you finish reading news.

impartial

litigant

tangible


  

China's new human rights report highlights development, rule of law

BEIJING - The Chinese government released a white paper on Monday highlighting the progress of human rights protection in the legal system as well as economic and social development.

"The tremendous achievements China has made in its human rights endeavors fully demonstrate that it is taking the correct path of human rights development that suits its national conditions," the white paper, published by the State Council Information Office under the title "Progress in China's Human Rights in 2014", said.

China's legal reform gained momentum when the Communist Party of China (CPC) leadership adopted a comprehensive plan to promote rule of law at a key meeting last October.

"The fundamental purposes of the blueprint are to protect civic rights, to defend human dignity and to put basic human rights into practice," the report notes.

Unlike previous reports, this year's white paper has a single chapter about protecting people's right to impartial trials.

Zhu Liyu, deputy director of the Center for Human Rights Studies of the People's University of China, told Xinhua legal reform has been one of the most notable progresses for human rights protection in China in the past two years.

A number of new measures were made to improve the transparency and efficiency of judicial departments, empower them to better supervise administrative power and protect civic rights, which are of profound significance, Zhu said.

"In the cases that a person's rights are violated by administrative power, the judicial system will be the last resort. Without the legal system, it is impossible to actually protect human rights," he said.

In 2014, China also made notable progress in realizing its development targets. By the end of the year, among all the 29 countable or measurable indicators for economic and social development set forth in the 12th Five-Year Plan (2011-2015), 12 had been over-fulfilled, three had been nearly fulfilled and 11 had made smooth progress, accounting for 90 percent of the total.

The mid-stage assessment of China's National Human Rights Action Plan (2012-2015), conducted in December 2014, showed most of the targets set had been reached and a larger part of the quantitative indices had been by achieved half or more.

The white paper is China's 12th report on human rights since the government began releasing such reports in 1991.

The report, with nine chapters and 14,000 words, details the progress the country made in protecting people's right to development, democracy, impartial trials and a clean environment, as well as the rights of women, children, senior citizens, ethnic minorities and the disabled.


Legal reform improves judicial justice

Judicial justice and transparency were greatly improved in 2014 thanks to reform measures in the judicial system.

Courts, procuratorates and police worked hard to prevent and correct unjust, false and wrongful practices from investigation and prosecution to trials.

In 2014, courts nationwide reheard 1,317 cases and corrected a number of wrongful ones.

One high-profile wrongful conviction involved a rape-murder case in 1996 by an Inner Mongolian court, in which an 18-year-old man named Huugjilt was convicted and executed. In December 2014, 18 years later, he was acquitted of the crimes.

The Supreme People's Court established a website for litigants to follow the progress of their cases and to disclose judgment papers. In 2014, a total of 6.29 million judgments were published through the website.

Procuratorates also set up a nationwide system for case procedure information inquiries, legal documentation disclosure, information disclosure of major cases and application by appointment for defense and representation.

In 2014, China revised the Administrative Litigation Law, expanding citizens' rights to sue the government and easing the procedure. Courts across the country heard 151,000 administrative first cases and concluded 131,000 of them, up 16.3 percent and 8.3 percent, respectively, from 2013.


Higher income, better education

Nationwide annual per capita disposable income reached 20,167 yuan (3,290 U.S. dollars) in 2014, up 8 percent over the previous year and faster than the economic growth rate in 2014.

Substantial efforts were made to alleviate poverty, including more government funds for infrastructure in the least-developed rural areas and relocation of people in uninhabitable regions.

By the end of 2014, the number of rural residents with an annual income less than 2,300 yuan had decreased by 12.32 million to 70.17 million.

Guarantee of educational equity has also been improved. Approximately 92.6 percent of children of school age received the nine-year compulsory education and 86.5 percent were enrolled in senior high schools.

Being the world's largest developing country, the right to development is still the most important human right in China, said Liu Huawen, secretary general of Center for Human Rights Studies of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

"Easier access to health care service, better houses, stable jobs and higher income are all tangible improvements for ordinary Chinese," Liu said.

He also considered China's fierce anti-corruption campaign as a solid contribution to human rights protection, since cleaner governments and more diligent officials will take better care of people's rights and welfare.

"The concept of human rights varies in different countries and will be updated according to the changing reality. The rest of the world should respect China's unique conditions and traditions and give us more time to develop," he said.




Sentence-Making: Please make sentences with words below.

impartial

litigant

tangible

 

Well, maybe some people would say "hmm..." when Chinese government is talking about human rights, especially those foreigners  who only focus on the negative comments on China but never have been to China. Literally, I have no idea what means "human rights", because I am quite satisfy with who I am and where I come from. When I was young, just like many born in 1980s, both parents and teachers told us that we were so luck to be born in 1980s, the best generation with ample food provision and convenient living facilities. We were born with golden/silver spoon and lived in honey sweet. As for me, yes, that is enough. As a metropolitan citizen, I got my rights to grew up healthily, to study in schools with peers, to receive medical treatment when I was ill, and to apply for work position when I need to earn my bread. I think that would be my definition on human rights.


 

答题区

1、What is the meaning of "impartial"
2、What is the meaning of "litigant"?
3、What is the meaning of "tangible"?
4、China's white paper on human rights was first released in ____.
5、According to the news, which below is the crucial factor to protect human rights?

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