【寒梅苑翻译】Head Injuries—[新人实习]小喵萌青柠(2015年7月20)

萌萌哒苹果 (HL· 青柠) 近月侵衣
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发表于:2015-07-20 16:08 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

Head Injuries

   Alice was a B-plus student through her first three years at college. During the winter holidays in her senior year, while she was driving during a storm, her car ran off the road and hit a tree. Alice banged her head on the steering wheel but never lost consciousness. She was treated for bruises and discharged from the hospital within a day.

   But, back at her studies, she began to have difficulties. Suddenly her As and Bs were becoming Cs. She had trouble remembering what she'd read and was irritable, and easily distracted.

   Alice was referred to a neuropsychologist for further examination. Although her IQ hadn't changed and standard neurological tests were normal, detailed neuropsychological tests showed she was having memory problems. She could still process new information, but it took longer than before and she became "overloaded" if she tried to do too much at once.

   Head injuries are often fatal, or of sufficient severity to require the hospitalization of victims. But there is a large group of people who sustain head injuries which can go undetected through ordinary medical examination. These are the people who seemingly recover from their injuries but still suffer subtle intellectual and behavioural effects that may seriously impair their ability to work and interact normally with other people. They are the victims of what experts call a "silent epidemic". Some never lost consciousness and others never even suffered a direct blow to the head, yet brain damage occurred.


头部受伤

       爱丽丝在大学的头三年一直都是B+学生。在她大四那年的寒假,她在暴风雨中开车,结果车子冲出路边并且撞到了一棵树。爱丽丝的头撞到了方向盘上,但是她并没有失去意识。一天内她是处理了一下伤口,就从医院出来了。

       但是当她回到学校继续学习的时候,她发现学习变得很吃力。突然间她的成绩从A、B变成了C。她很难想起来她读了些什么,人也变得急躁敏感,而且容易分心。

       爱丽丝被介绍到一位神经心理学家那里去做进一步的检查。尽管她的智商(IQ)并没有改变,而且在神经标准上的测试都显示正常,但是根据神经心理学的详细测试显示,她的记忆力有问题。她依然可以接收新的信息,但是要花费比之前更长的时间,而且,如果她尝试同时做太多事情,她的大脑会超载。

       头部受伤通常都是很严重的,或者说非常猛烈,受伤的人通常都需要住院治疗。但是也有很大一部分人,他们头部也受了伤,但是却不能通过常规的药物检查发现。这些人表面上看起来已经从受伤中恢复了,但他们仍然遭受着及其细微的智力和行为的影响,这严重损害了他们工作的能力,以及与其他人正常互动的能力。他们是这种被专家称为“沉默的流感”的受害者。一些人从未失去过意识,而另一部分人的头部从未受到过直接的打击,但是他们的大脑却被损害了。


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