【走进英语世界】10种食物会让人变笨

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发表于:2015-07-24 19:42 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

10种食物会让人变笨

日常我们吃的很多食物吃多了会让我们变笨?比如,糖、盐、豆腐......没错!牛津大学等诸多名校的专家做了一些研究,发现有些食物会对你的反应力、记忆力、情绪和神经系统的运作造成负面影响,从而让你变得越来越笨。来看看下面十种会让人变笨的食物吧>>>

1. Sugar 糖

The idea that eating too much sugar is bad for you isn’t anything new, but
eating a lot of sugar over an extended period of time causes neurological
problems. High consumption of sugar affects your memory and your ability to
learn. Also, too much sugar in your blood slows down your brain cells’ use of
insulin to break down sugar to aid in processing thoughts and emotions, leading
to a decrease in brain activity. This information is daunting because the
average American consumes 47 pounds of sugar annually. You should try to limit
you sugar intake, including high-fructose corn syrup and high-carb foods.

吃糖太多对身体不好已经是老生常谈,殊不知,长期摄入过多糖类还会引发神经系统问题。摄糖过量会削弱人的记忆力和学习能力。同时,血糖过高会减慢脑细胞利用胰岛素分解糖类的进度,进而影响人思维和情感的能量供给,导致大脑活动变弱。鉴于美国人平均每年摄入47磅糖,这消息听起来的确让人生畏。人们是时候控制糖类摄入了,不管是高果糖谷物糖浆还是高碳水化合物。

2. Salt 盐
Aside from affecting your heart rate and blood
pressure, salt affects your cognitive functioning. Adding raw salt to your food
is worse than cooking it with salt. Not only does salt impair your ability to
think, but it also causes many other problems such as cardiovascular disease,
cancer and stroke. Try to consume salt in moderation.

盐类除了影响心率和血压,还影响人们的认知功能。尤其吃原盐调味的食物更甚。盐不仅削弱你的思维能力,还会引发许多其他的问题,如心血管疾病、癌症和中风等。吃盐一定要适量。

3. Junk Food 垃圾食品

Potato chips, soda, burgers and fries. It all sounds so tasty, but junk food
is addictive, and addiction is a matter of the brain. It turns out that the
cessation of eating junk food triggers symptoms similar to withdrawal,
depression and anxiety. The fats in junk food impart the creation of dopamine in
the brain. Dopamine plays a role in giving you an overall feeling of well-being,
learning, alertness, memory, cognitive function and motivation. When everyone
told you not to eat junk food or it will rot your brain when you were a kid, it
turns out they weren’t kidding. In fact, consuming high amounts of junk food for
an extended period of time can lead to memory loss, and in some cases,
Alzheimer’s disease.

炸薯条、汽水、汉堡包……这些食物都十分美味但却容易使人上瘾,这与人的大脑有关。停止食用垃圾食品会使人们产生类似戒断、沮丧和焦虑的症状。垃圾食品富含脂肪,阻碍大脑分泌多巴胺。多巴胺影响人的幸福感、学习能力、警觉度、记忆力、认知功能和积极性。"不要吃垃圾食品,小心脑子坏掉",并不是一句玩笑话。实际上,长期食用垃圾食品使人健忘,严重的还会患阿兹海默症。

4. Fried Food 油炸食物

Fried food is kind of implied under junk food. However, there are still
healthy foods that, when fried, become unhealthy. For instance, eating fish has
many health benefits, but eating fried fish is unhealthy. The same goes for
other fried food like chicken. Stay smart by opting for non-fried foods.

油炸食品其实也是一种垃圾食品。然而,也有很多原本健康的食品,经过油炸后,变得对人体有害。例如,食用鱼肉对身体健康大有裨益,可是吃炸鱼却恰恰相反。鸡肉也是如此。聪明点,选择非油炸食品。

5. Artificial Sweeteners 人工甜味剂

Artificial sweeteners drain your brain power. Consuming too many artificial
sweeteners slows your brain response, effectively making you dumber. Items that
contain artificial sweeteners, other than packet food, include mouthwash,
toothpaste, cough syrup and chewable vitamins. Also, consuming high quantities
of artificial sweeteners for an extended period of time causes brain damage.

人工甜味剂摧残脑力。过度摄入会使大脑反应变慢,把人变得像呆瓜一样。不仅零食,漱口水、牙膏、止咳糖浆和维生素咀嚼片等也都含有人工甜味剂。长期摄入过多甜味剂易造成脑损伤。

6. Trans Fats 反式脂肪

Researchers who conducted the Oregon Brain Aging Study found that the
consumption of trans fats is linked to brain shrinkage. The study examined 104
adult over the age of 65 and tested the subjects for the consumption of 30
nutrients over time. The findings show that those with high trans fat diets had
brain shrinkage similar to people who have Alzheimer’s Disease.

俄勒冈脑老化研究组的研究人员发现,摄入反式脂肪可能会导致脑萎缩。参与研究的被试有104人,均年逾65。研究人员请其食用30种食品,然后对其反应进行测试。研究发现,那些食用高反式脂肪食品的用户,脑萎缩程度与老年痴呆病人的脑萎缩程度类似。

7. Precooked and Processed Foods 半加工和加工食品

Precooked and processed foods contain harmful chemicals that make you dumber.
Preservatives, additives, dyes and artificial flavors are some examples of the
chemicals in these foods that affect your behavior and cognitive functioning.
Consuming large quantities of processed foods over a lifetime slowly destroys
your nerve cells and causes your brain to shrink.

半加工食品和加工食品含有害化学物质,会让人变傻。其中某些化学物质能引起人行为障碍和认知障碍,如,防腐剂、添加剂、染色剂、人造香味剂。人一生中食用了大量加工食品,日积月累,造成神经细胞死亡、大脑萎缩。

8. Nicotine 尼古丁

Having nicotine in your bloodstream causes the capillaries between your blood
vessels to constrict, which affects the function of neurotransmitters and,
ultimately, brain function. The cessation of nicotine intake causes a brain fog,
and this causes nicotine users to develop dependency.

血液里的尼古丁会导致毛细血管收缩,影响神经传导,并最终妨碍大脑工作。而停止摄入尼古丁后,会造成脑雾,进而导致尼古丁摄入者对尼古丁形成依赖。

9. Alcohol 酒

Consuming alcohol causes a mental cloud of confusion that has several
effects. First, alcohol use is a liver killer. Also, the consumption of alcohol
lowers your ability to think clearly and to recall information. If you have
trouble recalling the names of common items or can’t differentiate between
reality and your dreams, then you are likely a heavy alcohol user and need
treatment. Fortunately, these symptoms are reversible if you stop consuming
alcohol or limit your consumption to two drinks or less a week.

饮酒造成头脑混乱,有下面一些不好的影响。首先,饮酒伤肝。同时,饮酒让人神智不清、记忆力下降。如果你连平常事物的名称都想不起来,现实和梦也分不清,那么你很可能是个重度酗酒者了,你需要治疗。幸运的是,如果你停止饮酒或者一个星期饮酒次数限制在两次或者更少,这些症状是可以恢复的。

10. Tofu 豆腐

This last one is surprising, because tofu is generally regarded as a healthy
food. However, research from Loughborough University and Oxford suggests that
tofu can be harmful if consumed in large quantities. The two universities
conducted a study that looked at 700 participants between the ages of 52 and 98.
The results show that those who consumed a lot of tofu were more at risk for
memory loss. It hasn’t been proven, but researchers suspect it is the
phytoestrogens in tofu that are responsible.

最后一项让人吃惊,因为豆腐普遍被认为是健康食品。然而,拉夫堡大学和牛津大学研究表明大量食用豆腐是有害的。这两个大学针对700个52岁到98岁的对象进行了一项研究。结果表明,食用大量豆腐的人失忆的风险更大。虽然没有得到证实,但是研究人员怀疑豆腐中的植物雌激素是脱不了干系的。

These are 10 foods that make you dumber. Other than these foods to avoid, you
should also avoid becoming dehydrated. A lack of water also causes brain
shrinkage and affects memory, focus and decision-making. So eat smart, drink
your water and maybe then you could pass for being smarter than a moron.

这些就是会让人变笨的十种食物。除了要避免这些食物以外,你也要注意多喝水。缺水也会引起脑萎缩,进而影响记忆力、注意力并影响你做决定。所以要吃让你变聪明的食物,多喝水,那么你也许就会变得更聪明而不是一个傻瓜。


最后编辑于:2015-07-25 10:30 @ "走进英语世界" 全社团成员

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