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发表于:2015-07-28 13:22 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

In the UK we have many different names for mealtimes, including ‘Breakfast’, ‘Brunch’, ‘Elevenses’, ‘Lunch’, ‘Tea’, ‘Dinner’ and ‘Supper’! What people eat and when can vary greatly – in some parts of the UK, people may eat their meals at different times, and in some parts of the UK, ‘dinner’ means ‘lunch’, and ‘supper’ means ‘dinner’!

Although this may seem very confusing (and it is, even for British people!), many of the names are very old-fashioned, and not often used. ‘Elevenses’ and ‘Tea’ are examples of two old-fashioned snacks that are rarely eaten today. ‘Elevenses’ is eaten at 11:00 am, consisting of cake or biscuits with a cup of tea or coffee. Two traditional characters from English children’s books, Winnie the Pooh and Paddington Bear, used to always ‘take Elevenses’! ‘Tea’ is a very similar meal, and a British tradition, which involves snacking on cakes, with a cup of tea, and is normally eaten between 4:30 and 5:30 pm.

However because people tend to have busy lifestyles in contemporary Britain, we only eat three main meals each day – called breakfast, lunch and dinner.

Nowadays, people usually eat breakfast between 7:00 am and 9:00 am. Breakfast is considered a very important meal, and is essential to having a good start to the day. In fact, once a year there is a weekly campaign called ‘Think Breakfast’ to encourage people to eat better breakfast! The word ‘Breakfast’ comes from an old-fashioned phrase ‘breaking the fast’ (a ‘fast’ means not eating for a long period of time). So breakfast literally means eating again for the first time after sleeping through the night.
英国人每天吃早餐的时间为早上7点到9点之间,早餐应是一天中非常重要的一餐,“一日之计在于早餐”。事实上,这里每年都会举行一次为期一周的名为“想想早餐”的运动,旨在鼓励大家都要吃好早餐。Breakfast这个单词源于古语“breaking the fast”(fast的意思是斋戒,禁食一段时间),因此,早餐breakfast 的字面意思就是经过一夜睡眠之后的首次进食。

A traditional English breakfast includes sausages, bacon, fried eggs, mushrooms, baked beans, fried tomatoes, and toast with butter. However, these days most people don’t eat a traditional breakfast every day, or even at all. This is because it is very unhealthy, and many people don’t have time to cook. These days, most people eat a bowl of cereal (made from grains like corn, wheat and oats) with milk, or have a slice of toast with butter. In fact, in the UK the average person eats about 6 kilos of cereal every year – this is much more than most European countries. In the winter many people eat a hot cereal called ‘porridge’, which is made from oats. This is especially popular in Scotland.

Lunch is normally eaten between 12:00 pm and 2:00 pm. Because school-children and people at work are very busy, this is normally a quick meal. In fact, many parents give their children a ‘packed lunch’ in a plastic ‘lunch-box’. This usually consists of a sandwich (two slices of bread with a filling inside, normally cheese or meat with some lettuce) and a packet of crisps, a piece of fruit and a drink.

However, on Sunday people usually have a longer and larger lunch called ‘Sunday lunch’. It is a time that people like to spend with their family, and usually consists of a roast meat (like chicken, beef, lamb or pork), served with roast potatoes, Yorkshire pudding, vegetables and gravy (a thin sauce which is eaten with the meat).
但一到星期天,英国人通常会慢慢享受一顿丰盛的午餐,这顿午餐就叫“Sunday lunch”周末午餐。这一餐是人们和家人一起,吃的是烤肉(像是鸡肉,牛肉,羊羔肉或猪肉),烤土豆,约克郡布丁,蔬菜和肉汤。

Dinner is eaten in the evening. Children usually eat this earlier, at about 6:30 pm, though many adults eat later, between 7:00 and 8:00 or later. This is usually the main meal of the day, and a time for people to relax and enjoy a cooked meal with friends or family after a hard day at work. ‘Going out for dinner’ to a restaurant is a very popular place to have a date, and some people see eating good food as a very romantic thing to do.

Glossary 生词表
brunch (n.) - a meal that combines breakfast and lunch together and is usually eaten in the late morning

elevenses (n.) - (informal) something small to eat and drink between breakfast and lunch

supper (n.) - a very small meal that is eaten in the late evening

contemporary (adj.) - modern

campaign (n.) - a series of actions or planned activities to do something

kilo (n.) - a kilogram

porridge (n.) - a hot food made from oatmeal and milk or water

filling (n.) - the layer of food (e.g. cream, fruit) inside a sandwich or cake

Yorkshire pudding (n.) - a savoury dish that consists of a baked mixture of flour, milk, and eggs. It is a traditional British dish and is usually eaten with roast beef

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