英语语法入门:不定代词(转自BritishCouncil)

loriotte (冷门君) 路人甲
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发表于:2012-04-03 16:48 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
The indefinite pronouns are:
不定代词有:

We use indefinite pronouns to refer to people or things without saying exactly who or what they are. We use pronouns ending in -body or -one for people, and pronouns ending in -thing for things:
在描述不确定的人或物时,我们用不定代词来指代。在指人时用代词接-body 或 -one,指物时用代词接-thing。

Everybody enjoyed the concert.

I opened the door but there was no one at home.

It was a very clear day. We could see everything.

We use a singular verb after an indefinite pronoun:
不定代词后用动词单数。

Everybody loves Sally.

Everything was ready for the party.

When we refer back to an indefinite pronoun we normally use a plural pronoun:
当我们提及到不定代词时,通常也会用复数名词:

Everybody enjoyed the concert. They stood up and clapped.

I will tell somebody that dinner is ready. They have been waiting a long time.

We can add -'s to an indefinite pronoun to make a possessive.
我们能在不定代词后加-'s变成所有格。

They were staying in somebody’s house.

Is this anybody’s coat?

We use indefinite pronouns with no- as the subject in negative clauses (not pronouns with any.)
在否定句中我们用不定代词加前缀no-的形式来做主语(any除外)。

Anybody didn’t come >> Nobody came.

We do not use another negative in a clause with nobody, no one or nothing:
在有nobody, no one or nothing的否定句中我们不使用否定词:

Nobody came.

Nothing happened.

We use else after indefinite pronouns to refer to people or things in addition to the ones we already mentioned.
我们在不定代词后用else表示我们所提及的同类的人或物。

All the family came, but no one else.

If Michael can’t come we’ll ask somebody else.

So that's eggs, peas and chips. Do you want anything else?

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