【托福阅读必杀技】之托福主体段落结构二

发表于:2015-09-18 16:14 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

在上一次的帖子中,我给大家介绍了第一种托福段落内容的组织结构:例证论述今天,我们再一起来学习另外一种比较常见的段落组织结构。讲解之前,请童鞋们先阅读下面这个段落:


People are bound within relationships by two types of bonds: expressive ties and instrumental ties. Expressive ties are social links formed when we emotionally invest ourselves in and commit ourselves to other people. Through association with people who are meaningful to us, we achieve a sense of security, love, acceptance, companionship, and personal worth. Instrumental ties are social links formed when we cooperate with other people to achieve some goal. Occasionally, this may mean working with instead of against competitors. More often, we simply cooperate with others to reach some end without endowing the relationship with any larger significance. (TPO13)


 

大家可能已经发现了,这个段落结构跟我们上次介绍的例证结构有很大的出入。主旨句介绍了 two types of bonds: expressive ties and instrumental ties”接着在接下来的内容里作者分别详细地描述了expressive ties instrumental ties. 


这种结构就是我们常说的总分结构 作者在主旨句概括这段要说哪些内容,接着会分别相信的描述各个内容。下面这张图能更形象的概括这种结构

(看这里看这里!!


 


托福阅读中有很多这种结构的段落:

比如:


Desertification is accomplished primarily through the loss of stabilizing natural vegetation and the subsequent accelerated erosion of the soil by wind and water. In some cases the loose soil is blown completely away, leaving a stony surface. In other cases, the finer particles may be removed, while the sand-sized particles are accumulated to form mobile hills or ridges of sand.


这段内容是一个典型的总分结构,即point + illustration。观点很明显是说沙漠化的原因是植被消失,土壤侵蚀。接下来的论证时进一步补充说明植被消失之后,土壤可能会碰到的状况,分成了两种情况。一种情况松散的土壤完全被吹走,还有一种情况小颗粒被带走,沙子大小的颗粒聚集成沙山,进而逐步累积形成沙漠化。


看完这些例子,那么问题来了:我们肿么去判断这个段落是总分结构捏?

赶快回复本帖跟老师一起来看看判断方法吧!


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最后编辑于:2016-02-15 11:22
分类: 托福TOEFL

标签: 阅读


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