中式英语猜猜看——动词(2)

琦琦0905 (sally)
火眼金睛|年度最6责编
圈内达人
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发表于:2015-09-22 19:10 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

      The construction may also appear in passive voice. That is, instead of "we must make an improvement in our work," we find "an improvement must be made in our work." But this is only a variation of the same pattern, and the solution is the same too: substitute a plain verb. The result is "our work must be improved" (because"to make an improvement in"="to improve").

     这种结构也会出现在被动语态中。 那也就是说,代替“ we must make an improvement in our work," 我们可以找到"an improvement must be made in our work." 但是这仅仅相同模式的一种变化,并且解决方案也是一样的:用一个普通的动词代替。 结果就是“our work must be improved”(因为 "to make an improvement in= to improve")

                                                                                                                    


     More examples in passive voice:

     更多被动语态的例子


      A: approval should be given to all these projects  

      B: all these projects should be approved

         [because "to give approval to"="to approve"]

          这些项目应该给与认可/批准

        [因为 "to give approval to"="to approve"]



     A: solutions to these problems can be found only through ...

     B: these problem can be solved only through ...

        [because "to find a solution to"="to solve"]

       只有通过。。。才能解决这些问题(才能找到这些问题的解决方案)

      [因为"to find a solution to"="to solve"]



    A: grain rationing was implemented 

    B: grain was rationed

       [because "to implemented rationing"="to ration"

       粮食定量供应

      [因为“to implemented rationing”="to ration"]


      The verb most frequently found in these combinations with nouns is to make:

   在这些和名词的组合中最常发现的动词是to make:


    to make an investigation of=to investigate

    to make a careful study of=to study carefully

    to make a decision to=to decide to 

    to make a proposal that= to propose that

    to make efforts to=to try (or: attempt) to

    to make an analysis of=to analyze



    The runner-up is doubtless to have 

    排名第二的毋庸置疑的是to have


    to have a dislike for=to dislike

    to have trust in=to trust

    to have an influence on=to influence

    to have adequate knowledge of= to know enough about

    to have the need for= to need

    to have respect for=to respect

                                                                                                                   


But many others can be seen on every page as well:

     除此以外,还有许多其他的也常看到:


   to give guidance to= to guide

   to provide assistance to= to assist

   to carry out the struggle against = to struggle against

   to conduct reform of = to reform

   to engage in free discussion of= to discuss (it) freely

   to achieve success in= to succeed in

   to accomplish the modernization of = to modernize

   to realize the transformation of= to tranform

   to bring about an improvement in=to improve

   to place stress on=to stress

   to exercise control over = to control

   to register an increase=to increase



       You should be on the watch for all of them.

         你应该留心注意它们

关于不必要动词的还没有完,后面还有内容哦


特别声明:本帖英文部分摘自《中式英语之鉴》,由于书中并无中文注解,所以这里的中文部分都是小编自己翻译的,帮忙大家理解的,也欢迎大家帮忙小编纠错,我和大家一同进步哈! 


出题啦!!!

the main forces of the East China Field Army marched down south into the Henan-Anhui-Jiangsu plains carry out the fighting on exterior lines 

 猜猜看哪里多余啦。。。正确的句子该是怎样呢!

把你的想法回复上来就能看到正确答案了


-----------以下内容回复可见-----------

the main forces of the East China Field Army marched down south into the Henan-Anhui-Jiangsu plains to fight on exterior lines


because "to carry out fighting"="to fight"





  



    

最后编辑于:2016-03-17 18:51

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