2015年职称英语考试理工B阅读理解Why Buy Shade-Grown Coffee?

发表于:2015-09-27 01:06 [只看楼主] [划词开启]
Why BuyShade-Grown Coffee?

When people argue about whether coffee is good for health, they'reusually thinking of the health of the coffee drinker. Is it food for yourheart? Does it increase blood pressure? Does it help you concentrate? However,coffee affects the health of the human population in other ways, too.

Traditionally, coffee bushes were planted under the canopy(树冠)of taller indigenous(土生土长的)trees. However, more andmore farmers in Latin America are deforesting the land to grow full-suncoffees. At first, this increases production because more coffee bushes can beplanted if there aren’t any trees. With increased production come increasedprofits.

Unfortunately, deforesting for coffee production immediatelydecreases local-wildlife habitat. Native birds nest and hide from predators(捕食者)in the tall trees and migrating birds rest there.

Furthermore, in the long term, the full-sun method also damagesthe ecosystem because more chemical fertilizers and pesticides are needed togrow the coffee. The fertilizers and pesticides kill insects that eat coffeeplant, but then the birds eat the poisoned insects and also die. The chemicalskill or sicken other animals as well, and can even enter the water that people willeventually drink.

Fortunately, farmers in Central and South America are beginning togrow more coffee bushes in the shade. We can support these farmers by buyingcoffee with such labels as "shade grown" and "birdfriendly." Sure, these varieties might cost a little more. But we'repaying for the health of the birds, the land, ourselves, and the planet. Ithink it's worth it.

31.【题干】What is the main idea of this passage? 文章的主旨是

【选项】

A. Farmers are changing the way they grow coffee. 农民正改变他们种咖啡的方式

B. Coffee is becoming more expensive to produce. 种植咖啡越来越贵

C. Shade-grow coffee is more expensive than sun-grow coffee. 蔽光生长的咖啡比向光生长的咖啡贵

D. People should buy shade-grown coffee. 人们应该买蔽光生长的咖啡

【答案】A

【解析】本题考查文章的主旨,一般这种提问方式我们只需要关注标题和第一段就能够选出答案。我们先分析标题,Why Buy Shade-GrownCoffee,标题意思是为什么买蔽光生长的咖啡,一般咖啡的产地都是热带地区,因为阳光充足,标题讲蔽光生长的咖啡这种种植方式就跟传统不同,那我们可以推断该篇文章讲咖啡种植方式的改变,或者说会讲蔽光生长的咖啡有什么作用。

接下来我们看选项A选项意思是农民正改变他们种咖啡的方式,符合文章含义,其他三个选项都比较片面。

32.【题干】The function of the word "Traditionally"in Paragraph 2 is to show_____. 段落2中的traditionally 作用是来显示

【选项】

A. the positive effects of coffee. 咖啡的积极作用

B. a change of coffee growth. 咖啡生长的变化

C. something that is the most important. 最重要的事情

D. how coffee production used to be. 过去如何生产咖啡

【答案】B

【解析】题干问的是第二自然段的单词Traditionally的作用是什么?该词的含义是传统上,单词所在句子的含义是:传统上,咖啡灌木丛一般种植在较高的当地数目的树冠下的。有传统的种植就会讲到现在的,那么这个词就是为了突出咖啡生长的变化。看一下四个选项,A选项:咖啡的积极作用;B选项:咖啡生长的变化;C选项:最重要的事情;D选项:过去如何生产咖啡。B选项符合,所以答案选B。

33.【题干】What does increased production of full-sun coffee bring about?

【选项】阳光充足的咖啡增加的产量带来什么?

A. More insects.更多的昆虫

B. Better quality coffee.质量更好的咖啡

C. Larger farms. 更大的农场

D. Higher profits. 更高利润

【答案】D

【解析】划出题干的信息词production ,full-sun coffee,bring about。回归原文第二段最后However, more and more farmers in Latin Americaare deforesting the land to grow full-sun coffees. At first, this increasesproduction because more coffee bushes can be planted if there aren't any trees.With increased production come increased profits.最后提到了increased production come increased profits,产量增加利润就增加了,看选项D选项出现profits,所以选择D。

34.【题干】How do farmers find more land for growing full-sun coffee?

【选项】农民如何找更多的土地来种植阳光充足的咖啡

A. They buy more land from other farmers.

B. They cut down trees.

C. They move to another country.

D. They turn grassland into farmland.

【答案】B

【解析】划出题干信息词,farmers,more land,growing full-sun coffee,回归原文第二段第二句However, more and more farmers in Latin Americaare deforesting the land to grow full-sun coffees.重点理解land前面的deforesting,该词的原形是deforest,表示砍伐森林,与B选项的cut down是同义词。B选项的含义是砍树,与原文意思一致。答案选择B。

35.【题干】The full-sun met
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