【Let's read】读书之前,有一件事必须做!

发表于:2017-06-09 14:08 [只看楼主] [划词开启]

    拿到一本书,是不是立马就翻开阅读了?

    不要着急,读书之前,还要做一件事——对书籍分类!

    分类?!怎么分类?

    为什么要对书籍分类?

   

    今天我们一起来阅读《如何阅读一本书》的原文片断,学习书籍分类的相关内容。

   

   

    【原文】

    You must know what kind of book you are reading, and you should know this as early in the process as possible, preferably before you begin to read.

   

    You must know, for instance, whether you are reading fiction — a novel, a play, an epic, a lyric — or whether it is an expository work of some sort. Almost every reader knows a work of fiction when he sees it. Or so it seems  — and yet this is not always easy. There is so much social science in some contemporary novels, and so much fiction in much of sociology, that it is hard to keep them apart. And a book, while clearly not fiction, is almost as "readable" as a novel, and probably more readable than some of the novels of, say, William Faulkner. 

   

    An expository book is one that conveys knowledge primarily, "knowledge" being construed broadly. Any book that consists primarily of opinions, theories, hypotheses, or speculations, for which the claim is made more or less explicitly that they are true in some sense, conveys knowledge in this meaning of knowledge and is an expository work. As with fiction, most people know an expository work when see it. Here, however, the problem is not to distinguish nonfiction from fiction, but to recognize that there are various kinds of expository books. It is not merely a question of knowing which books are primarily instructive, but also which are instructive in a particular way. The kinds of information or enlightenment that a history and a philosophical work afford are not the same. The problems dealt with by a book on physics and one on morals are not the same, nor are the methods the writers employ in solving such different problems. 

   

    【Key words】

    expository    adj. 说明的,解释的

    This expository dictionary is very useful. 

    这部注解的辞典很有用。

   

    readable    adj. (写作风格)可读性强的,通俗易懂的

    The book is clear, readable and adequately illustrated. 

    这本书明白易懂,可读性强,插图丰富。

   

    speculation    n. 假设;推断

    I am tired of all the speculation.

    我厌烦了所有的推测。

   

    enlightenment    n. 领悟;理解

    His speech gave us some enlightenment

    他的发言给我们一些启迪。

   

    【译文】

-----------以下内容回复可见-----------

   

    【讨论】

    小伙伴们,从现在开始,读书之前我们一起给书分分类吧!欢迎回帖告诉我们,不同的书籍应该用怎样的方法来阅读呢?

   

    ❤Tips:欢迎回帖对原文进行翻译,翻译有助于对内容的理解哦~参考译文回复可见。

   

   

    上期回顾

    老师不在,还咋学习啊?

    http://st.hujiang.com/topic/1711725113855/

   

   


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