【CET·倒计时9天】每日做真题,必过四六级!(第八期)

发表于:2017-12-04 16:14 [查看全部] [划词开启]


    There is a difference between science and technology. Science is a method of answering theoretical questions; technology is a method of solving practical problems. Science has to do with discovering the facts and relationships between observable phenomena in nature and with establishing theories that serve to organize these facts and relationships; technology has to do with tools, techniques, and procedures for implementing the finding of science.

    Another distinction between science and technology has to do with the progress in each.

    Progress in science excludes the human factor. Scientists, who seek to comprehend the universe and know the truth within the highest degree of accuracy and certainty, cannot pay attention to their own or other people's likes or dislikes or to popular ideas about the fitness of things. What scientists discover may shock or anger people-as did Darwin's theory of evolution. But even an unpleasant truth is more than likely to be useful; besides, we have the choice of refusing to believe it! But hardly so with technology; we do not have the choice of refusing to hear the sonic boom produced by a supersonic aircraft flying overhead; we do not have the option of refusing to breathe polluted air; and we do not have the option of living in a non-atomic age. Unlike science progress, technology must be measured in terms of the human factor. The legitimate purpose of technology is to serve people in general, not merely some people; and future generations, not merely those who presently wish to gain advantage for themselves. Technology must be humanistic if it is to lead to a better world.

 

21. The difference between science and technology lies in that _____.

A) the former provides answers to theoretical questions while the latter to practical problems

B) the former seeks to comprehend the universe while the latter helps change the material world

C) the former aims to discover the inter-connections of facts and the rules that explain them while the latter, to discover new designs and ways of making the things we use in our daily life

D) all of the above

 

22. Which of the following may be representative of science?

A) The improvement of people's life.

B) The theory of people's life.

C) Farming tools.

D) Mass production.

 

23. According to the author, scientific theories _____.

A) must be strictly objective

B) usually take into consideration people's likes and dislikes

C) should conform to popular opinions

D) always appear in perfect and finished forms

 

24. The author states that technology itself _____.

A) is responsible for widespread pollution and resource exhaustion

B) should serve those who wish to gain advantage for themselves

C) will lead to a better world if put to wise use

D) will inevitably be for bad purpose

 

25. The tone of the author in this passage is _____.

A) positive

B) negative

C) factual

D) critical



    For about three centuries we have been doing science, trying science out, using science for the construction of what we call modern civilization. Every dispensable item of contemporary technology, from canal locks to dial telephones to penicillin, was pieced together from the analysis of data provided by one or another series of scientific experiments. Three hundred years seems a long time for testing a new approach to human inter-living, long enough to set back for critical appraisal of the scientific method, maybe even long enough to vote on whether to go on with it or not. There is an argument.

    Voices have been raised in protest since the beginning, rising in pitch and violence in the nineteenth century during the early stages of the industrial revolution, summoning urgent crowds into the streets on the issue of nuclear energy. "Give it back," say some of the voices, "It doesn't really work, we've tried it and it doesn't work. Go back three hundred years and start again on something else less chancy for the race of man."

    The principle discoveries in this century, taking all in all, are the glimpses of the depth of our ignorance of nature. Things that used to seem clear and rational, and matters of absolute certainty-Newtonian mechanics, for example-have slipped through our fingers; and we are left with a new set of gigantic puzzles, cosmic uncertainties, and ambiguities. Some of the laws of physics are amended every few years; some are canceled outright; some undergo revised versions of legislative intent as if they were acts of Congress.

    Just thirty years ago we call it a biological revolution when the fantastic geometry of the DNA molecule was exposed to public view and the linear language of genetics was decoded. For a while, things seemed simple and clear: the cell was a neat little machine, a mechanical device ready for taking to pieces and reassembling, like a tiny watch. But just in the last few years it has become almost unbelievably complex, filled with strange parts whose functions are beyond today's imagining.

    It is not just that there is more to do, there is everything to do. What lies ahead, or what can lie ahead if the efforts in basic research are continued, is much more than the conquest of human disease or the improvement of agricultural technology or the cultivation of nutrients in the sea. As we learn more about fundamental processes of living things in general we will learn more about ourselves.

 

52. What CANNOT be inferred from the first paragraph?

[A] Scientific experiments in the past three hundred years have produced many valuable items.

[B] For three hundred years there have been people holding a hostile attitude toward science.

[C] Modern civilization depends on science so man supports scientific progress unanimously.

[D] Some people think three hundred years is not long enough to set back for critical appraisal of scientific method.

 

53. The principle discovery in this century shows ________.

[A] man has overthrown Newton's laws of physics

[B] man has solved a new set of gigantic puzzles

[C] man has lost many scientific discoveries

[D] man has given up some of the once accepted theories

 

54. Now scientists have found in the past few years ________.

[A] the exposure of DNA to the public is unnecessary

[B] the tiny cell in DNA is a neat little machine

[C] man knows nothing about DNA

[D] man has much to learn about DNA

 

55. The writer's main purpose in writing the passage is to say that ________.

[A] science is just at its beginning

[B] science has greatly improved man's life

[C] science has made profound progress

[D] science has done too little to human beings

 

56. The writer's attitude towards science is ________.

[A] critical 

[B] approving

[C] neutral

[D] regretful



同学们可以在评论区/自己的笔记本上作答哦!

点击链接,即可获取词场君的独家四六级备考计划哦!

 

微信扫码或搜索“沪江”公众号

关注后回复“四六答案”获取答案

成功关注“沪江”后,

还有以下四六级资料送给你!

“沪江”公众号 回复“46”立即获取↓

(*在“沪江”公众号回复,不是在本帖回复哦~)


 

   

戳我下载开心词场!

戳我下载沪江小D!

 

————————————

词场君的小讲堂,点击直达:

四六级cet真题日语能力考能力考真题考研学习干货双语阅读

 

最后编辑于:2017-12-06 15:20

本帖来源社刊

全部回复 (20) 回复 反向排序

  • 36

    点赞

  • 收藏

  • 扫一扫分享朋友圈

    二维码

  • 分享

课程推荐

需要先加入社团哦

编辑标签

最多可添加10个标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存

编辑官方标签

最多可添加10个官方标签,不同标签用英文逗号分开

保存
知道了

复制到我的社团